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HIS263Y1 (268)
Lecture 20

Lecture 20 - Making the Dominion
Lecture 20 - Making the Dominion

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School
University of Toronto St. George
Department
History
Course
HIS263Y1
Professor
Heidi Bohaker
Semester
Fall

Description
Making the Dominion Writing a Constitution  The representatives came together to draft a constitutions  72 Resolutions they wrote in Quebec to make framework for a constitution they sent to England  Asking for a government with divided powers  Want to have provincial governments with responsibilities for local matters  Difficulties o Legislative Union and give specific powers to provinces o Small provincial governments smallest and big government restricted powers o How will have supreme authorities in the system? o Wanted a British Parliamentary democracy and federalism doesn't occur in the UK - no provinces - new level of government - closest example is the US o Within the Great Coalition - Macdonald Cartier and Brown each had a different opinion on the division of powers  Macdonald = Legislative Union with Central Government  Brown = wanted both strong Central and Provincial Governments  Cartier = wanted a strong Federal influence but didn’t want Quebec to suffer culturally o Confederation is not actually clear to make everyone think they got what they wanted o 72 Resolutions pretty much become the BNA Division of Powers  Section 91 - Federal  Section 92 - Provincial  Conflict between Federal and Provincial  Macdonald thought Feds got more power  Cartier thought Provincials got enough power Opposing & Accepting Confederation  Prince Edward Island o Concerned, had provincial debt, and land disputes most people tenant farmers  Charles Tupper (NS) o Politicians supported confed, but the people opposed it o Tupper was Premier and waited it out o 72 Resolutions go through the government and gets passed  Albert Smith (NB) - anti o 1865 election is elected an anti-group o Lieutenant says England wants it o Smith's government will fall because didn't function together  L.G. Arthur Gordon (NB) o 1866 and Upper and Lower Canada pump money into the pro Confed people 
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