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HIS263Y1 (268)

Lecture 26 - Farms Factories Bunkhouses

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University of Toronto St. George
Heidi Bohaker

Farms, Factories and Bunkhouses Host Society  Immigrants faced discrimination, Oliver's hierarchy of preferred immigrants mirrored attitudes in the general public  Reactions in the host societies varied  Asiatic Exclusion League o Asians faced the most discrimination o 1900s in British Columbia was a huge force o Local labour organizations didn't want economic competition and moral and cultural effect o Large demonstrations in Vancouver o Often meld them all together as "Asian" but sometimes are less discriminatory against certain groups  The organizations have economic mixed with moral concerns  An Act to Prevent the Employment of Female Labour in Certain Capacities --- "White Woman's Labour Law" (Saskatchewan, 1912) o Banned Asian employers from employing white women o Debate about whether a Russian immigrant was a white woman example  Often the language of race was extended to groups we wouldn't consider racially distinct today  What people describe as race shifts over time Immigration & Canadian Development  Economic boom - the government didn't collect stats on economic performance in those days  1896-1914 railway mileage double - mining triples  Wheat and lumber tenfold  Immigrants are key to the economic boom  Farmers move back and forth between sites  Farming Frontier o Iwan Mihaychuck  Heard that Canada had cheap plots  Met Canadian agents who suggested he head to Saskatchewan because there is good land and not Manitoba where he had family - he goes to Manitoba instead  He rents a small cabin for his family and they pick nuts and berries to survive and to sell  1901 they secure a homestead but it was too rocky and swampy to farm  Stayed with relatives over the winter and headed east where he wasn't supposed to settle - squats
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