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Lecture

Lecture 29 - The 1911 Election

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Department
History
Course
HIS263Y1
Professor
Heidi Bohaker
Semester
Winter

Description
The 1911 Election 1910: A Navy, A Journey  Did Two Things That Would Put an End to His Time: o Naval Service Act (Jan 1910, Royal assent May 1910)  Two year discussion involved within the British Empire  1908 there were increasing tension between Britain and Germany that played out on the question of naval power  Arms race over naval ships  1909 Britain asked the Dominions for help in building up a navy (mostly dreadnaughts) --- Dreadnaught Crisis --- and give them money  Most Canadian agreed they should have their own Navy  What kind of Navy?  For coastal defence to protect lucrative fisheries? (French Canadians supported defence)  Offensive (Anglo Imperialists) - bigger Navy used to contribute in a broader way  How Do You Start?  What do we do immediately because building a Navy is a long-term deal  We should just give Britain the cash now...French Canadians wanted to stay out of the British Navy issue entirely  Laurier's Naval Service Act Tried to balance these  Two Key Provisions  Build a Navy Initially of 11 Ships of Various Sizes and set up a Naval College  This Navy should be under Canadian control but in times of war, the British Navy can undertake it  Neither side liked this…they thought it was a poor attempt - "Tin Pot Navy" - Britons control the waves --- the essence of empire is at stake for the Anglo-Imperialist  The French didn't want to be dragged into English affairs all of the time o Railway Journey to the Prairies  Whistle-stop tours of the Prairies  The railway was one of the key things in Confederation, used to tie it together in an East West economy and people  1896 the Liberals believed the railway was central to national development --- soon to be 3 transcontinental railways  The telegraph and the railway were the internet of the age - to allow people to access more in less time and over distance  What did Laurier see in 1910 - it was not the Northwest of Louis Riel, it had been transformed by human resettlement and economic development  Wheat economy, European immigrants etc.  Every Stop  Ceremony of Welcome  List of Grievances  Against the elites  The issue that tops them all was the tariffs  Makes implements more expensive for Canadian farmers --- and sell their goods worldwide without protections and buy their goods they need
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