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HIS263Y1 (268)

Lecture 31 - WWI The Home Front

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University of Toronto St. George
Heidi Bohaker

WWI: The Home Front War and Community o Government and popular community based activity to recruit o The propaganda wasn’t really required since the community was key in enlistment - the idea of the war as a good fight for freedom and democracy o Protestant Churches were crucial in articulating justifications for the war - religious and secular o Schools are a place for "bottom up" propaganda o Arithmetic War - every math problem you got right the more "German prisoners" you'd capture and every 30 you were promoted o Women were important to the effort Collected food, clothing, made bandages - mobilized their traditional roles  The Red Cross  Vacant Lot Garden Clubs  Colonize vacant lots to plant gardens - more home production used, the more the manufactured is available to the soldiers o Also included exclusion Anti-German activity, told to keep tabs on enemy aliens  Anti-German League Toronto (1916)  Berlin/Kitchener  Dusseldorf/Freedom (Alberta)  Before the war they were considered desirable immigrants, superior European stock - white  Hypothesized that many Germans began to claim to be Dutch to avoid problems War and Reform o Reformers use the war to try for change Prohibition  Little success before 1914 on a legislative level, most governments reluctant to make official moves with regards Canada Temperance Act (Scott Act 1878) Local Option - can choose to go dry or not, almost always defeated in urban areas - few institute full prohibition because it's political suicide eg. 1912 & 1913 Liberals ran on a prohibition platform…destroyed - once the war starts, matters change o Prohibition movement armed by the war o Supress individual desires in the name of the war effort for the greater good o National efficiency issue o All provinces except Quebec brought in some form of prohibition legislation by 1917 o Soldiers were against Prohibition o Female Suffrage  Some of the leaders of the prohibition movement
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