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HIS263Y1 (268)

september 30

4 Pages
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University of Toronto St. George
Mc Kim/ Penfold

September 30, 2010 HIS 263 The Royal Takeover and the Clash of Empires 1.) The Royal Takeover, 1663 Political and economic transformation of New France 1661-Louis XIV Sun King o Absolutist monarch-i.e. desire to concentrate all authority in the hands of one individual to exert absolute power o Letat ces moi- I am the state o Died 1715 o Approach would have important implications for the development of New France o Strong believer in the economic philosophy of mercantilism-state control of the economy Jean Baptiste Colbert- Minister of the Marine-Louis XIVs right hand man o Sought to transform New France into a French province o Objectives: 1.) French imperial authorities were interested in promoting settlement 2.) wanted to participate in commercial activity 3.) missionary activity-religious orders were interested in transforming indigenous communities in hopes of saving their souls o Had the desire to consolidate the French Empire o Pattern of governmental change-impose on New France the political systems of France itself At the top of this structure was Louis XIV and the key ideological justification that allowed him to occupy the position was the Divine Right of Kings-notion that political power stems from God himself Beneath the chain of command is Colbert Louis XIV and Colbert were removed from authority on a day-to-day basis Governor-military officer and someone of noble birth (top of the colonial hierarchy) o Supreme authority within New France o Responsible for military and diplomatic affairs
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