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HIS263Y1 (268)

september 23

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Mc Kim/ Penfold

September 23, 2010 HIS 263Y1 Office Hours: Thursday 3-4, SS3059- McKim Christianity, Commerce & the Development of New France 1.)Jacques Cartiers Voyages Staking Frances claim Iroquoians and Algonquians o Encounters Cartier west of his travels Mikmaq first peoples that Cartier encounters 1534 voyage-the French kidnapped two sons of an Iroquois chief, Donnacona o Taken back to France-through the sons, the French would be able to learn more about indigenous societies and they could exploit them as guides for future voyages Kingdom of the Saguenay-rich empire that lay to the west of the St. Lawrence o Richly endowed with precious metals (i.e. deposits of copper which they took to be a precious metal) o According to Donnacona-chief of the Iroquois Three motivations-commerce, Christianity, competition 1535-Cartier sails up the St. Lawrence-the natural flow is outward o Sails to a village called Stadacona-home of Donnacona and his sons o Catholics were celebrating the festival of St. Lawrence-Cartier named the river after that Saint o The Iroquois referred to their homeland as Canada-meant the cluster
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