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HIS263Y1 (268)

september 28

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University of Toronto St. George
Mc Kim/ Penfold

September 28, 2010 HIS 263Y1 1.)The Fur Trade & the Development of New France Champlains Dream; mercantilism & the Company of 100 Associates o Linked to the fur trade o 1608-establishment of Quebec City o Port Royal-attempt at establishing a French base-unsuccessful-wider area named Acadia Because of its physical distance from the St. Lawrence the French abandoned Acadia in becoming a focal point for them. Decided to make Quebec the unofficial capital of the French empire o Cartographer, soldier, politician, naturalist o Dream consisted of the notion that one day New France would rival and possibly surpass France itself in terms of wealth, population, and militarily and political influence o Recognized the fur trade as the essential vehicle that would allow the imperial project to grow-in particular, the exploitation of fur stocks o Interested in morality-projecting Christian teachings as widely as possible o Envisions inter-marriage and the creation of mixed peoples-central to population expansion o Took for granted the superiority of Christianity in Western civilization (i.e. Europe) o The Aboriginals did not accept French sovereignty over their lands They allowed the French to continue to occupy this territory due to mutual reliance- 1.) Algonkian groups gained access to European goods (pots, kettles etc.) 2.) good relationships seen as beneficial for military reasons (access to muskets) The French gained access to the pelts of fur-bearing animals (i.e. beaver)-fetched high prices on European markets-and access to indigenous knowledge o 1609-the French agreed to participate in a military conflict between Algonkians and the Five Nations-took place in modern day Quebec City at a Lake (Champlain named it after himself)
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