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HIS263 September 18 - Early European Interations 1491-1600.docx

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Bohaker/ Penfold

HIS263 September 18, 2012 Visitors from East of the Dawn (Europe), 1491-1600 Early Indigenous-European Interactions Terms: Onkwehonwe (Iroquoian-speaking), Anishinaabeg & Mi’Kmaq (Algonquian), Inuit, Stadacona, Donacona, Mantle Site Martin Frobisher, Jacques Cartier, Basques, Red Bay, cod fish, L’Anse Aux Meadows I. Two worlds in 1491 II. 1492 Worlds in Collision III. Fish and Furs IV. Two Worlds in 1600 - Spices—major trade o Got into Europe over land or a sailing route over the bottom of Africa prior to 1492 o Spanish wanted to look for a new route - Columbus o Gets as far as the Caribean o What is now the West Indies o Geographic confusion—thought he had found India - Chinese jade has been found in Mexico from over 3,00 years ago o Demonstrates the amount of trade Two Worlds in 1491 I. Northern North America II. Western Europe - Iroquois society—matriarchal Haudenosaunee Confederacy—“People of the Longhouse” - Political confederacy—5 nations: Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca Anishinaabeg - Relations with other indigenous groups that spoke different languages - First naitons already had diplomatic systems o Already knew how to deal politically with each other European Expansion - Europe in the 16 Century - Great Britain still non-existant - France a monarchy—king - Wealth and power concentrated in an elite population - Vast majority of people were peasants, small villages o Part of their farming went as a tax - Monotheistic, overwhelming Christian o Most belonging to the catholic church o Very powerful constitution o Had experienced by 1500 working on converting people (pagans) o Belief that Christianity should be spread through conversion - By 1500, new social class emerged o Merchant class o Business in trade o Needed royal or noble permission to be involved in trade but it was very common - Printing press had occurred—1440 o Significant development o By 1500—20 million books in print in Europe - 1517—Catholic church splits o Reformation—Martin Luther o Question of Catholic practices - 1536—another split in the church o Hen
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