THE COLONIES TO 1750s
- Population Increase
• Stands out from other colonies from other countries due to rapid growth
o Grew by 8 times these numbers!
• Result of 2 things: continued immigration, and lots of babies.
• New England colonies more rapid because of more equal gender numbers
o More likely to survive to adulthood
o 20% of Chesapeake survived
- Natural Increase and Family Structures
• Intact nuclear families, but often extended families as well remarried
• Lots and lots of babies
- Immigration and Diversification
• Growth of a homogenous society: less English, more of a European blend
• Most colonists lived very close to the Atlantic coast
• Land in north America is seriously cheap
- Patterns of Growth & Settlement
- New England: grows 6xs. Puritans made it inhospitable for other religious
immigrants. Also densely settled and clustered.
- The Middle Colonies: Pennsylvania = best poor man’s country. • Indentures had just enough to get over the atlantic on their own accord… didn’t have
• Those with $$ move further in land.
- Southern Colonies biggest growth... why? Slavery.
• Clustered into two distinct regions in the south… Chesapeake, and South Carolina
- Development of Urban Centers
• Philadelphia largest in 1760s.
• Small compared to European cities, grew really really fast.
• The word “city” means more of a functional thing
• Eventually started to plan out their development…
• Ports were more popular
II. Colonial Economies
- New England’s Economy
• Farming doesn’t make a lot of money – can’t really grow anything that can’t be grown in
• Does have livestock… and space!
• Fishy wishy
• Large number of artisans in New England
- The Middle Colonies
• Makes more money so they can purchase labourers…
• Some slaves, but only exist in the cities – economy doesn’t really call for them
• A lot of wheat – breadbasket!
- Southern Colonies
• No diversification of crop.
• Free whites had per capita wealth 4 times