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Lecture

03 - The Colonies to 1750.doc

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Department
History
Course Code
HIS271Y1
Professor
Erin Black

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THE COLONIES TO 1750s (Sept. 25) I. Demography - Population Increase • Stands out from other colonies from other countries due to rapid growth o Grew by 8 times these numbers! • Result of 2 things: continued immigration, and lots of babies. • New England colonies  more rapid because of more equal gender numbers o More likely to survive to adulthood o 20% of Chesapeake survived - Natural Increase and Family Structures • Intact nuclear families, but often extended families as well  remarried • Lots and lots of babies - Immigration and Diversification • Growth of a homogenous society: less English, more of a European blend • Most colonists lived very close to the Atlantic coast • Land in north America is seriously cheap - Patterns of Growth & Settlement - New England: grows 6xs. Puritans made it inhospitable for other religious immigrants. Also densely settled and clustered. - The Middle Colonies: Pennsylvania = best poor man’s country. • Indentures had just enough to get over the atlantic on their own accord… didn’t have anything else. • Those with $$ move further in land. - Southern Colonies  biggest growth... why? Slavery. • Clustered into two distinct regions in the south… Chesapeake, and South Carolina - Development of Urban Centers • Philadelphia largest in 1760s. • Small compared to European cities, grew really really fast. • The word “city” means more of a functional thing • Eventually started to plan out their development… • Ports were more popular II. Colonial Economies - New England’s Economy • Farming doesn’t make a lot of money – can’t really grow anything that can’t be grown in England • Does have livestock… and space! • Fishy wishy  • Large number of artisans in New England - The Middle Colonies • Makes more money so they can purchase labourers… • Some slaves, but only exist in the cities – economy doesn’t really call for them • A lot of wheat – breadbasket! - Southern Colonies • No diversification of crop. • Free whites had per capita wealth 4 times
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