Class Notes (835,539)
Canada (509,225)
History (3,264)
HIS271Y1 (258)
Erin Black (183)
Lecture

HIS271Y- Lec Economic and political transformation in antebellum America

3 Pages
87 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIS271Y1
Professor
Erin Black
Semester
Fall

Description
Oct 23 2013 HIS271Y- Lec Economic and political transformation in antebellum America I. The transformation revolution  Gove fed finance of construction of roads, cannels and steam boats  This allows a good east –west Texas  The real breakthrough in connecting the parts of eth country the railroad  1829- first 13 miles of railroad finished-  By 1840s there r 3000 miles of track, more that all of England  1850s add even more mileage  1930s- cheapest method to ship is by railroad and eth cannels drift to eth back cause cannels r more expensive  More dedicated to railroad building in the northern states  Railroad make economic unification of eth states  Transportation network allow broad social change- ideas II. The rise of manufacturing  The beginnings of eth factory system- not a full blown industrial revolution though  Provides the seed bed for the industrial revolution  Possible b/c of eth transportation revolution, increase in number of banks giving loans  Banks r trying to work independently and highly unregulated  So banks r important  Technological innovation also play a part in being the base of the industrial revolution  Eli Whitney opens to door to mass production  Industry is primarily a northern thing  Characteristics: The extent the manufacturing is taking over  Most of eth machinery is steam driven  Most mills were owned and operated by farmers for local customers only- also seed beds for larger community  Post 1812ish – mills producing for national and international markets- thus attracting other banks, companies etc.  Mills are in industrial based cities  Mills r the larger employers in eth city  Local politics- mill owners were powerful  And thus, mill owners were very prosperous in their communities  The mills do all cloth production  1830- The Lowell community have 8 mills. Most employees were women age 15-23  E upshot of this changes the labor structure of eth northern economy  Household bases to a manufacturing basis III. The transformation of northern labor  Brining women in the work force (for a time)  This is a violation of women’s place of what is was thought to be  Women were only hired because it was cheap labor  The machines were not difficult to operate  But they realized- they have to present the mills in a particular way  It was also a social experiment  There had to be a nursery of vitality and intelligence  There were lots of things prohibited  The economic success of Lowell was astonishing  There was then great competition -Causing technological improvement  These women r American born women  Expect output doubled and wages decreased when there was more competition  1834- 800 women quite the job- it was actually the first strike in the U.S  But the strike didn’t last. They women came back  But after that- there were many more strikes  Walking off eth job wasn’t enough- thus causing a Lowell Female Labor Reform Association: it tried to use political action to help the ppl  The upshot is that they go from being though of being part of the nuclear family to the entering the realm of economics and then politics  This also leads to the women’s movement  This causes eth beginnings of labor agitation  Air pollution in the mills, break time, etc.,  The causes eth use of eth printing press as well  They start equating themselves with slaves  A lot of these papers refer to the declaration of independence and the writings of Thomas pain  So they stop working in mills- and the social system branks down  Immigrants start taking over in the mills. So the immigrant poor lower class ta
More Less

Related notes for HIS271Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit