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Lecture

March 5th 2014 lecture- Liberalism at the High Tide: Towards the Great Society

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Department
History
Course
HIS271Y1
Professor
Erin Black
Semester
Fall

Description
March 5 2014 lecture Liberalism at the high Tide: Towards the great society I. Postwar interregnum Truman years  Truman and Eisenhower years  FDR’S successors  Truman’s years  The 21 point planned included a federal aid to education  Cause education is state funded- he also wanted to call for a national health care plan  The only thing that congress approves was about unemployment opportunities  Truman wanted to secure employment- like maximum employment  Congress was able to accept me kinds of employment- but there will be always an unemployment rate  New deal programs put power in eth hands of eth federals  Others opposed it cause they said it was un-American- and them it was just thought to be socialist  Eh ability for organized labor to stay strong  TAFT-HARTLEY ACT- affects union financial stability- it goes through even though Truman tried to veto it  Mid- term elections-  Truman is in fact playing for civil rights- wanted to desegregate military forces  There is danger from eth democrats that they just leave the party- cause of eth abolition of pole taxes, federal anti- lynching laws etc. southern democrats hate this  Dixicrats- elect a racist senator- they challenge Truman  Storm Thurmond-  Half of Truman’s party left him  Day before eth election- newspaper said that he lost but Truman actually wins  He is able to win cause he was able to rely in eth new deal coalition- he gets a narrow victory- he proposes a fair deal  Fair deal- list of liberal reform- it all flops cause congress is being an ass and refuses everything  The red scare kicks into politics  Truman blames the republicans for the failure of eth new deal- but it was partly his fault because he didn’t fight much for it. He was more involved in foreign affairs Eisenhower years  He supports extending social service benefits and increasing minimum wage  No attempt to expand liberal state  He also moved reluctantly on civil rights  Civil rights movement in eth 50s-  1954-Brown vs. Board of education o He starts the law suit for his daughter to go to the white school which is only 2 blocks away o Thurgood Marshall- tries to over-right segregation- goes against segregation and “separate but equal” line. It psychologically effects the minds of children o Earl Warren agrees-desegregation of land mark system must GO! o At deliberate speeds- all schools must EVENUALLY desegregated o 100 southern members of congress denounces supreme court’s decision on this o Eisenhower refuses this decision too o 700 boarder school districts do in fact de segregate but deep in eth south, no schools desegregate cause there was no deadline- and racist o The governor of eth state of Arkansas named Orval Faubus allowed 9 black students in to the high school o HUGE WHITE RESISTANCE  Rosa parks- refuses to give u[p pa bus seat to a white man o She refuses to get fined too- this women is fricken amazing o She goes to jail for refusing eth fine o The blacks refused to take the bus- so they started taxi companies, took taxies, walk- but never took the bus\  Martin Luther King Junior – southern Christian leadership conference (SCLC)- founded in 1957 II. John F. Kennedy’s new frontier  Kennedy campaigns on the theme of new frontiers- foreign and domestic affairs  Discusses the solving of lots of issues both within the nation and international  Inspires the young to be involved in eth new frontier  Recorded as liberal quite mixed- he didn’t expand eth welfare state (education and health care plan)- lacked commitment to welfare state  Reason being that he is a weak liberal- reducing unemployment as the top of his agenda  Thinking it would solve lots of problems- economy is key- massive tax cut for the American ppl  But gov revenue works off taxes- thus not a whole lot of movement  Also he is much preoccupied with eth cold war and foreign affairs  Problems in Vietnam  The Cuban missile crisis-  The cold war is eth biggest thing he is dealing with- thus he isn’t much involved in civil events  Wants to be re-elected  Very hesitant to deal with civil rights- domestic issues do intrude  At eth end of his term he is assassinated  “the other American” the pic “1/4 of Americans live below poverty line-  As he reads the book called the other American- he builds the plan of 1963- plans civil rights agenda and poverty plan , but he is assassinated before that so his successor then comes into play III. Lyndon Johnson and the Kennedy Legacy  Johnson is Kennedy’s vice president  Spent 24 yrs. in congress- this knows eth inner workings of congress  He is a physically imposing man  Used physical size to intimidate ppl – the Johnson treatment  He takes the oath of office in a
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