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Lecture

Life in the Colonies

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Department
History
Course
HIS271Y1
Professor
Dr.Liamvan Beek
Semester
Fall

Description
HIS271Y Life in the Colonies September 29 2010h Early 17 to mid-18 centuries For the most part, English menwomen who tried to maintain ties with mother country, but still managed to create very different societies Recreating the old world was nearly impossible in the Americas because of different circumstances In the Chesapeake, for example, native American clashes as well as the swamps hindered their ability to create transplant societies Part nature and part nurture (some was the circumstances they encountered and some was their methods in negotiating a space in the new environment) When these isolated communities increasingly became more complex, they began to share more similarities Focus: New England and the Chesapeake and how early diversity began to give way to more widespread cultural similarities Anne Hutchinson Regarded as a heretic Holy mission, covenant, conversion experience were essential to the New England Way She felt that the church was putting more emphasis on works of good than faith alone Laws of men were irrelevant to men One of the first but not the last challenge to this society The threat of Anne Hutchinson revealed the tension between faith and authority Life in the colonies challenged Puritans to adhere to their strict code, especially as the new generation came of age (the conversion experiences were becoming less common which meant the members of the church decreased) The Half-Way Covenant, which said you could inherit a partial status, was trying to come to terms with this Nevertheless, tensions continued www.notesolution.comHIS271Y Life in the Colonies September 29 2010h By early 1640s, there were between 20-25,000 who had migrated to this general area, by 1660, 35,000, by 1700, 93,000 This population growth can be explained by: 90% of migrants to New England were families, leading to more reproduction Women married younger in this area, so reproduction potential was great Families brought size and stability Healthier region (average age was 10 years longer than other areas) (winters killed off ability for diseases to spread, better water supply, more food) The people who migrated to New England were generally more skilled Perspective: more than twice the amount of people migrated to the Chesapeake than New England, and yet the populations balanced and levelled) Cash crops in New England were hard, because the soil was hard to plant Manufacturing became the norm, as did the export of raw materials More merchants here All of this growth and prosperity had consequences As the population increased in New England, more people moved away from the community centre and the church Cities became the commercial capitals These cities become hotbeds of manufacturing and development Their growth were tied to the agricultural growth in the South (the products of the South feed into the manufacturing of the North) Cities also became centres of education and culture th th The shift to the cities caused some strain in the 16 -17 centuries Anxieties for Puritan leaders who worried people were turning away from God to more commercial pursuits www.notesolution.com
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