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The Progressive Era

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University of Toronto St. George
Dr.Liamvan Beek

HIS271 The Progressive Era January 26 2011 What were the chief characteristics of the Progressive Movement? In what ways was the Populist Movement a precursor to the Progressive Movement? What were the major challenges facing progressive reformers? Were the Progressive successful? How progressive was the Progressive Era? From last lecture: Think about what these new frontiers had in common. What do those commonalities do? How did they help to reinvent the Why was the idea of the frontier so important in the first place? The search for new frontiers was one way Americans responded to the anxieties created by the intense industrializationurbanization Today: Other Americans, instead of looking outward to frontiers, looked inside to reform Characteristics of the Progressive Era 1900 1917, however many of the movements started before 1900 and continued after 1917 Numerous reform groups with the shared goal of improving society Local, state, and national level Far more successes at the local level, but the successes at the national level were the ones that mattered Contradictions While the term Progressive Era gives the sense of progress, not everything was progressive www.notesolution.comHIS271 The Progressive Era January 26 2011 By the turn of the century it was generally accepted that industrialization and urbanization had negative impacts on society People wondered whose responsibility was it to deal with this? To take care of these issues? Contemporaries hoped that the federal government would, but they found again and again this just wasnt the case Increasingly, people began to take it upon themselves to reform society Because were talking about industry, we tend to just look at urban, but the growth of industry had a profound impact on agriculture as well One of the groups that felt the pressure of big business and tried to have a say were farmers They also formed groups: The Grange Movement Oliver H. Kelly 1867 Full title was the: National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry Located primarily in the Midwest Collaborative organization comprised of many local groups or chapters It was like a fraternal society, and became the social centre of many farming communities Their emphasis was on honest labour that engaged the entire family as well as the community They valued faith, hope, charity, and fidelity Their movement was most successful during times of agricultural depression Blamed their hardships on the Robber Barons Of particular concern were high interest rates that banks charged, the high prices of farming equipment, and shipping prices
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