Class Notes (836,365)
Canada (509,756)
History (3,264)
HIS271Y1 (258)
Erin Black (183)

Semester 2 Lecture 2.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Erin Black

Semester 2, Lecture 2: Wednesday January 18 , 2012 The Making of Modern America: Industrialization in the Gilded Age, 1870-1914 Pre-Gilded Age Economy  Agriculturally based o Individual plots of land harvesting potatoes, tobacco, etc  Artisan (task-oriented) mode of production o Master craftsman, journeyman, etc o Masters would teach the trade to their apprentices o Production was on a commissioned basis  Low volume of production and trade  Creating and selling at the local level  Workplace control Industrialization  “…it variously refers to the general shift from agriculture to manufacturing, the rapid and widespread adoption of mechanical means of production, the spread of the wage labour system, and the coming of large factories.” (Walter Licht)  Across the northern half of the US, industrialization was occurring at a rapid pace in the first half of the 20 century o Lumber/paper products, petroleum, meat-packing th  By the turn of the 20 century, American was the most productive industrial nation  Inventions played a huge part in this o Telephones, typewriters, cash registers, electric sewing machines, refrigerators, flush toilets  Economic development in other areas o Building of railroads, textile mills, change in machinery  What’s propelling this industrial revolution forward? o The harnessing of electricity  Thomas Edison built his own electrical company to harness more electricity across the US o The internal combustion engine  Powered pistons from various directions  Henry Ford used this most to power vehicles  Factory mode of production  Assembly lines o Taken to the extreme by Frederick Winslow Taylor – timed/studied workers to find the quickest production  Scientific Management of Industry  Workers’ Efficiency  America – “The land of the time clock” o It had been that quality was most important, but now it was speed  Mechanization  Rise of Women in the Workplace o Men were worried that because women were paid less then them, their own wages would be lowered or they would lose their jobs to the cheaper labour provided by the women o Typists, bookkeepers, and salesclerks became women-orientated
More Less

Related notes for HIS271Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.