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The Collapse of the Qing Dynasty.docx

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Paul Thompson

thHIS280 The Collapse of the Qing Dynasty March 15 2012 Outline for the DayThe postTaiping Rebellion situationThe SelfStrengthening Movement c 18651895The SinoJapanese War 189495 and the HundredDays Reform 1898The background development and consequences of the Boxer Uprising 1900The New Politics of 1902 and their momentous importanceThe emergence of a revolutionary alternative Sun yatsen and the Revolutionary AllianceThe Wuchang Uprising of October 10 1911 The SelfStrengthening MovementZeng Guofan 18111972 senior Qing official in charge of the suppression of the Taiping Rebellion In prosecuting the war he created around himself a farreaching network of supportersHe uses his position to place his supporters in provincial governorships Fiscal decentralization as a result of the Taiping RebellionPrior to the Taiping rebellion when people paid taxes they paid them in their local areas to agents of the central state and these taxes would be collected and passed up from the localities to the central level and the central level would set a national budget and send some of those taxes back down to the provincesOne of the things that happened during the rebellion was that the provincial level of government took control of tax collectionNow instead of taxes goingfrom the locality to the centre back down to the provinces the taxes go from the localities right to the provincesThe provinces would use the taxes for their own projectsThis was originally justified for the suppression of the rebellion but after the rebellion it continuedThe three leaders of the postTaiping Tongzhi Restoration o Zeng Guofan o Li Hongzhang o Zuo ZongtangLi Hongzhang was a protg of Zeng Guofan and would become the most powerful statesmen for the rest of imperial China and his protg Zuo Zongtang would usher out the imperial period and become the first president of ChinaThese guys and their associated supportersand their projects come to be known as the SelfStrengthening movementThe point of this movement was to strengthen and defend the Qing dynasty It was intended to do this while keeping the basic social and political system in tactIt was undertaken in the name of the Emperor but the real power lay in the hands of Empress Dowager Cixi
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