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HIS311Y Lecture Jan 15th.docx

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Robert Bothwell

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HIS311Y Lecture Jan 15 th 1/15/2013 12:09:00 PM KOREA Canada’s relation with ASIA is main point  After 1945 it became different  1790s – trade btw China and Pacific America  Mid 19th century – fur trade with Asia  As a result we don’t get very much trans oceanic content because Pacific is very large China  trade Japan  had been converted into a hermit kingdom in the 17 thcentury  is not open to foreign contact Korea  Canada had no contact at all Canada started contact 1860s  Immigrants flow from China and Japan into the Pacific America o CPR o Opposition to Asian labours Late 19 thcentury, Chinese central authority was disintegrating  Revolutionary period  was not a serious power back then  in relation to Canada and Brit, China could not exert any influence at all. Canadian gov’t were free to treat chinese workers way they wanted Japan defeated Russia, Taiwan, and occupied Manchuria  was a serious power and ally of British power  Japanese workers were better treated than Chinese Missionaries to East Asia  Significant becuz it relates educated class in Canada  and affected Canadians think of Asia The Japanese were defeated in Pacific War  Occupied in 1945 Canada very small way participated in occupation of Japan  And used WWII to set up relation with China Canadian embassy moves to Nanking  The governor of China was 국민당  장계석  China had been in a state of disorganization for years  civil war btw KMT and Communists The KMT had US on their side and had benefit  It looked in 1945 as if the KMT (nationalists ) with modern army would rule China  Over the next 4 years, (1946~50) communists began win victory Jan 1949, Communists made Beijing new capital  Nationalists arrived to Taiwan Huge communist victory  In U.S. this was seen as great defeat.  it gives a theme to American politics that would last for years and years. o Who lost china?  American seceratry of state dean Acheson confirmed that there is nothing they could to save the nationalist regime The nationalist had lobbying effort in Washington  Chiang kaishek and his wife madame Chiang o 1949, Americans used who lost china notion to attack Truman administration When commies take power and claim ppls republic of china  The normal procedure is to recognize it as official government  last month of 1949, countries begin to recognize china o Brit, India, etc. Canada and US was waiting  1949-50 American military state was limiting  Americans didn’t have any atomic bomb Somebody else had an atomic bomb!  Stalin made atomic bomb  seriously shaped American confidence and had negative impact on American politics  there should be traitors January 1950, republican senator Joe McCarthy  Joe starts communist witch-hunt Three election 1945 Liberals win the election  King remains PM until 1948 King retires and succeeded by Louis St. Laurent  Born in 1882, prominent QB city lawyer  did not run on the conscription issue o remained loyal to King  St. Laurent saw himself to be nationalist  St. Laurent’s first language was English and his mom was Irish  all his sibilings spoke English  what he acquired from Irish family was not liked by either side PM st.
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