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HIS312H1 (86)
Lecture 3

Lecture 3 and part of 4

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University of Toronto St. George
Ian Radforth

Lecture 3: Migration from the British Isles to 1865 Wartime Migration, 1800-1814 Napoleonic wars and the War of 1812: a brake on migration Exceptions Newfoundlands rapid settlement Scots in the Maritimes: Lord Selkirk and assisted immigration to PEI Upper Canada The Late Loyalists (people coming from the united states) Mennonites: pacifists Glengarry: groupclan migrations -Upper Canada got the bulk of the settlers during this period, and the area of most rapid growth, 1791 was the year in which Upper Canada was created -1791-1860 Canada was known as British North America, a series of distinct British colonies under the control of a British governor general -before 1815 a wartime period and after a period of a great migration -both the Napoleonic wars and war of 1812 had a impact on immigration, it discouraged immigration because it was particularly risky to travel across the Atlantic because boats could be attacked, in the war of 1812-1814 immigration from America to Canada was very little The dangers of transatlantic travel has an opposite effect in Newfoundland, for fishers it was safe to settle in Newfoundland then to go home, population grew from 25000-35000, Irish English and protestant catholic mixes in Newfoundland Scottish Immigration to Canada -about 8500 Scots settled in a number of places in the Maritime region, along the coasts -there was a group of Scottish immigrants who settled on Prince Edward Island -Thomas Douglas, 5 Earl of Selkirk used his personal wealth to fund some immigration of Scots to PEI, he wanted to see colonies built up and suffering stopped, 800 Scots came to PEI in 1803 under the auspices of Selkirk, they were farmers and paid rent instead of owning the land, he also provided them with funds to help them get established, i.e. food and tools, he also paid for their voyage across the Oceans, this was a great success as a farming venture -also seen as a founding father of PEI and Manitoba
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