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Tutorial #3: Settling the Canadian West

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Ian Radforth

Tutorial #3: Settling Canadian West: The Exotic Continentals -Early 20th century brought mass immigration to Canada and contributed to the racial-ethnic diversification of Canadian society. Some 2.5 million newcomers had arrived by 1914. -Most immigrants who went west were English-speaking, but also large numbers of Germans, Scandinavians, and eastern Europeans also came (which included Ukrainians, Hungarians, poles, and ethno-religious sects like the doukhobors and Mennonites from Russia and Austro-Hungarian empires) -This made prairies ethnically diverse. -Displacement of aboriginals as a result. -General failure in settling the prairies, as European immigrants from Europe preferred the American west, as did many Canadians... better climates, weather-resistant strains of wheat, and advanced farming techniques. -Mass exodus of Canadian-born citizens! -Design that Canada was a white nation. -south and east Europeans not as desirable as white Canadians and Britons, but still good. -ethnic tolerance went hand in hand with national self-interest. -foreign face of prairies engendered a racist backlash from English and French-speaking observers. A Roumanian Pioneer (by Anna Woywitka) -Veronia came to Canada with her parents in 1898 when she was four. -left because village in native land could no longer offer sustenance to him and his growing family. -Four other families joined him. -Upon arriving, lots of woods. -Lived in primitive shelters called burdey, a dugout. -Veronias mother didnt like it and wanted to live in a log house, built before men returned in fall. -Women made the cottage house! -No money spent, Veronias mother built the house. -Men returned in fall with enough money to replenish food supplies and buy barest necessities. -Veronia took care of her siblings and kept the fire going in fall and winter. -Food ran short shortly before spring.
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