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Lecture 7

Lecture 7: Colonizing the West Coast

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Department
History
Course
HIS312H1
Professor
Ian Radforth
Semester
Fall

Description
Lecture 7: Colonizing the West Coast -towards a colonial society -exploration and the fur trade -the Hudsons Bay Company and colonial beginnings on Vancouver Island -Gov. James Douglas -abs population decline: from 200 000 to 27 000, 1730-1880 -Nanaimo, coal mining -Scottish, local, and Kanaka labour -agriculture -Gold Rush -1858, Fraser River, Fort Hope, Yales, Lytton: 30 000 instantaneously -Victoria transformed -early 1860s, Cariboo country, Barkerville *www.aiesec.caToronto -Oct. 13 -Britain trying to plant colonists on the Pacific coasts, to add to UKs colonial holdings -but had difficulties in the mid-1800s -cause first off took 3-6 months to get there from Britain -no Panama Canal to get through the Americas, had to travel around N. and S. America -so relatively few newcomers -the indigenous pop. was significant, many diverse cultures -their presence was very obvious to the Euro newcomers -British colony on the West coast was very fragile -cause too few ppl -large pop. of abs. -very few women -so no natural increase of pop. -also time when we see the ppl from Asia arriving to Canada -colonizing the West coast, 1849-1871, very brief, from founding British Columbia to BC entering the Canadian federation -about 100 000-200 000 abs. ppl living near colony settlement, a lot compared to the eastern Canada -but by 1880s, only 27 000, much to do with the spread of diseases from the Euros -Euro exploration first from in 1728-1729, by the Russians from the Bering Strait, then the Spanish in 1774 around the Americas -Capt. James Cook the first Brit to see Pacific Canada -fur trade opened in the 18 c. and the first half of the 19 c. with the abs., esp. for sea otter pelts -by 1840 boundary with US est. by the 49 parallel -1670, Hudsons Bay Company est., over Ruperts Land, and expanded across Canada -by 1849, est. ownership over Vancouver, a 10 yr deal -worried about fur trade, future -would develop Vancouvers natl resources, and est. a white settler, agri society -first gov. of the HBC and Vancouver was Sir James Douglas -under HBC in 1850s, tried to est. coal mining in Nanaimo -tried to get Scottish families to do so -also relied on local abs. labour, esp. above ground as transport www.notesolution.com
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