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Lecture 13

Lecture 13: Radicalism and Repression

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University of Toronto St. George
Ian Radforth

Lecture 13: Radicalism and Repression -Dangerous Foreigners -reasons for immigrant radicalism -ethnicity and radicalism -Ukrainians, Jews, Finns (and Russians, Croatians) -Reds vs. Whites in Finland -Hall Socialism -Finnish (Socialist) Organization of Canada -Ukrainian Labour-Farmer Association -(Jewish) Labour League -sig. minority became sort of radical, but were very loud -dangerous foreigners -didnt speak EngFre -outside the Brit. tradition -govt did best to halt this radical activity -focused on capitalism -vs. the radicals focused on workers -reasons for immigrant radicalism -came from experiences on the job -did the dirty, heavy, dangerous jobs in industries -experienced great insecurity in jobs -felt exploited -the dream of eco. success wasnt working how they had hoped -came a sense of anger -wanted to do something about it, changing the systems -discrimination on and off the job -EnglishFrench speaking Canadians shunned them, saw them as dirty, contaminated, the lowest of the low -in terms of their jobs, status in the country -fed up with crappy living conditions -felt isolated from mainstream Canada, so clumped together with their own kind -felt targeted by police, when they had strikes, faced deportations -radicalism also spread due to leftist activists who came to Canada from Euro -had faced repression in their home countries, forced to leave, and just took up their old left agendas in their own particular communities -many of the newcomers were peasants, vs. the leaders were from the cities, the leftist leaders -wanted an international movement -derived from Marx -in this new internatl labour market -certain ethnic groups were particularly active -like the Ukrainians, Jews, and the Finns -brought left-wing ideas from Euro, which spread greatly in their new communities -and even from England, from urban areas like Glasgow -Finn immigrants -majority were from rural areas, not really political -but during WWI, a strong socialist movement arose in urban areas in Finland
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