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Lecture 16

Lecture 16: The "New Canadians"

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University of Toronto St. George
Ian Radforth

Lecture 16: The New Canadians -New Canadians and Reception Work -the Cold War agenda -entering a different Canada -prosperity -expanding welfare state -est. ethnic communities -a critical mass of newcomers -new Canadians, way of referring to the immigrants coming in the 1950s -didnt speak EnglishFrench, used to refer to them as foreigners -still a way of differentiating from the real Canadians, but still more welcoming, but patronizing -pluralism, a very new attitude towards diff. cultures (though still Euro) -as a way to enrich Canada -reception work, a concerted effort by the Canadian govt to work at receiving the immigrants -to help them get est., with diff. services -how to fit in to Canada -key reason for its importance is cause of the Cold War -ppl believed the stakes were higher, with the world divided into two camps -newcomers must fit in politically, integrate -not bring Communism here -not tempted by Commieleftist movements -be proud of parliamentary traditions -stay a part of the West, the free world -a different Canada, then the one immigrants entered in the past -more prosperous -esp. more prosperous then the home countries -immigrants struck by the suburban houses, cars, the abundance in the grocery storessupermarkets -would be used to rations, like the Brits -an expanding welfare state -unemployment insurance, had been introduced in 1940 -system of family allowances -mothers sent cheques to assist for care of kids -by 1957, hospital insurance covered -but still had to pay for family docs -whole social service system expanded -newcomers heavily dependent -like the seasonal workers in forestry, for IE -est. ethnic communities -didnt have to struggle on their own -Italians, Poles, Jews had their support systems -with familiar foods and sounds -tension betw. the older immigrants, some from the turn of the c., and the post- war immigrants -like the Ukrainians, very heavily left-wingCommies, while the new Ukrainians were often hardened against Commies -critical mass of newcomers
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