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HIS317H1 (43)
Lecture 4


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Jennifer Jenkins

th October 5 , 2011 The Rise of the NSDAP 1919-1933  A party is founded, 1919-1920 o German Workers Party o Hitler becomes a formal member of the group o Sets out the 25 points, wants it to be the party platform  1920  Will appear in test! o February 1920- Nazi party is born o New thinking of Germany as a racial entity  German –Jews are not German  Under alien legislation  Debate over who is a racial comrade o At the beginning more club than party o Anti-establishment o Thinks of itself as a movement, one of many throughout Germany o October 1923- Communist attack on Hamburg  Ernst Thalmann  Hitler’s March on Munich: the Beer-Hall Putsch, November 9, 1923 o Communist attack in north o Nazis attacking in south o Hitler and Ludendorff planned for armed takeover of city  Planned it from Mussolini’s March on Rome o Why not Berlin?  Munich is a haven for the far right, since Kapp Putsch o Army units in place declared disloyalty to the Weimar republic o Hitler marches on the beer-hall with Brown Shirts  SA  Declare Bavarian gvnt to be disposed, they are new gvnt o Hitler and Ludendorff are arrested as they are met by police o Given sentence of 5 years, but only serves a year o Republic does not fall, the economy is revived (somewhat) by loans from the US (Dawes Plan)  Begin to rely heavily on US loans  US takes lead on restructuring reparations  Ushers in period of relative stability  The Path of Legality o Hitler emerges from prison in 1924 o He is now a national martyr o He has new strategy for taking over power o Nazi party was outlawed after Beer-Hall Putsch o Nazis as a movement ends, and Nazis as a party begin o He must now takeover state from inside as opposed to from outside revolution o With party base they are going to enter local, regional elections  Building a Mass Party o Hitler starts in the countryside  Why?  German is not urban country we know now, it was largely agrarian  Countryside is particularly politically volatile  Much upset, very disgruntled  Grip of intense depression  People were more receptive to radical political ideas  Begin forming local group o 5-10 people o Mainly men between ages of 25-40 o Large numbers of policemen, shopkeepers  What do groups do? o Send speakers o Get name out in community o Sell tickets and have someone cme from a larger party cell o Advertised themes o Growing a sophisticated organizational structure o Good at publicity and promotion  Nazis are a party of the young  Play on people’s fears  Economic anxieties  Economic desperation o Connect it with international enemies  Bolsheviks  British  French  US
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