Class Notes (835,600)
Canada (509,275)
History (3,264)
HIS317H1 (43)
Lecture 3

HIS317 Lecture Three.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Jennifer Jenkins

th September. 28 , 2011 Democracy in a time of hyperinflation: the post war crisis, 1919-1923  The Two Declarations, November 9, 1918 o Scheiedemann  SPD were calling for peace talks  Against peace of annexations- only that peace would be stable  Get rid of Prussian three class system  Believes the defeat came from the high military officials, as they would not give up their demands and enter peace talks  Hindenborg- Germany’s defeat comes from the November Criminals  o Liebknecht  Uspd  Declaration is much more radical  Calls for a social and political revolution  The king is dead vs the king has abdicated  Reference to the 1848 revolution  Prussian king had to give into the revolutionary demands  Tying this revolution to that one  Talks about suffering of working people in Germany  Calling out image of ghosts who died of German ills  Thinks we must have a rupture, break with the past  Scheidemann talks of continuity o Prince Max Von Baden  Passes chancellorship to Ebert  Risen up through SPD from workers unions  November 1918 chancellor  Provisional gvnt- majority socialists and independent socialists  Lasts two months  How do you move men from being soldiers to workers? o Move from war time to peace time o What to do with all of weapons  Not enough food, people are starving  Ebert is focused on need for order o Does not want Bolshevik in Germany o He needs administrative continuity, to facilitate answers to enormous tasks facing German gvnt o Did not make any radical changes o An agreement is formed ZAG, national agreement between national industry and labor o Ebert will not reform the army, he needs them to institute policies  Wants to insure their loyalty o Does not reform civil and judiciary service o Blocks workers councils from decisions o Independent socialists are disgusted with Ebert, they leave gvnt (6 weeks)  The Spartacus League, a Soviet in Munich, the Freikorps o Open conflict now occurs within the two parties  Ebert brings in army to defeat revolution and Freikorps to stop league o Who are the Freikorps?  Militias  Paramilitaries  Initial concentration had been in the Baltic states  German troops still stationed in front after armistice, do not accept the war is over nor do they accept the republic  Deep anti-semitism in middle of Freikorps  See themselves as fighting bolshevism in Germany and Russia  They are volunteers  Fairly autonomous armies, group themselves around leader  Ehrhardt Brigade o 16 years when he had become a soldier o We have a civil war situation brewing in Germany o Ebert’s decision to bring in the Freikorps leaves a legacy of hatred between the two parties and they will never work together again  Bad bc if this hadn’t of happened could have easily prevented rise of Hitler o Rosa Luxemburg wanted universal democracy, and had a very different socialist belief than Lenin  International figure  She is head of radical wing o Luxemburg and Liebknecht were brutally murdered, abducted and then killed and thrown in river  Spree river, flows through Berlin  Bodies were not hidden  Mounted Rifle Korps  This shocked everyone o Set up of Munich Soviet, Munich becomes haven for far right wing parties  This is why Hitler chooses Munich for his headquarters and Beer Hall Putsch o July 19 , 1919- Germany goes to the Polls four days later  Liberal and democratic parties sweep everything, November leaders and parties  Center catholic party  SPD  Christian democratic party  USPD only gets 7%  Hindenborg’s party only gets 10.3% DVP  Sent to national assembly to write Weimar constitution th o Feb 6 th o On feb 11 , the national assembly elects Ebert as president and Scheidemann chancellor  Thought that radical parties would win bc of recent attacks, not true o Fighting ends just before peace talks  The Treaty of Versailles, June 1919 o Paris Pethe Conference o May 7 , 1919 presented to Germany, illusion that germany would be granted leniency bc of rece
More Less

Related notes for HIS317H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.