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Lecture 10

Lecture 10: East Germany, West Germany: States and Dissent, 1961-1989 Revolution and Reunification, 1989-1990

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University of Toronto St. George
Jennifer Jenkins

Lecture 10: East Germany, West Germany: States and Dissent, 1961-1989 Revolution and Reunification, 1989-1990 I. The Building of the Berlin Wall: August 13, 1961 II. Possibilities for Dissent in the West: 1968 and the New Social MovementsGreen Party III. The RAF and democracy in crisis: The Lost Honor of Katharina Blum (1974) IV. Possibilities for Dissent in the East: the Evangelical Churches V. Citizens Revolution in East Germany, SeptemberNovember 1989 VI. The Berlin Wall falls: November 9, 1989 VII. Reunification: the Day of German Unity, October 3, 1990 *final on Fri. Dec. 17th, 2-5 -Ramsay Wright Lab, 225 Harbord -Rm. 117 -culture of dissent, brings down the wall, on Nov. 9th (meaningful day), 1989 -Oct. 3, 1990, Germany unified -capital moved to Berlin -the Berlin Republic -presence of the secret police in East Germany, since 1950 -strong Soviet backing to put up a wall -summer 1961, many E. Berliners not in the city, construction began in Aug. -last remaining gap in the iron curtain -used natural boundaries, though sometimes ran right thru bldgs. -up till 1961, were able to pass thru East and West Berlin -unlike the 3 routes into the city, north, middle, south -as Berlin right inside of East Germany -in the West Berlin could approach the Wall -in EB would be shot -empty space in between the wall, the waste land -early provisional forms, till standardized with slabs of concrete -it became part of everyday life, so a big deal when it came down -felt permanent, impossible for it to be gone -ppl left as the barrier went up -Willie Brundt, mayor of West Berlin, later the Chancellor -symbol of a new generation, social democrat (Christian?) -Oct. 1961, Berlin quite militarized, checkpoints start (???) -possible for family visitation, highly regulated, in certain places -for West Germans to go East, not the other way around unless elite, well-connected -few escapees, most were young, quite physically demanding -tunnels, usu. West to East -Peter Schneider, The Wall Jumper, mostly true stories -after the wall came down, many slabs went to museums -West Germany in the 1960s -culture of dissent developing -June 17, 1953, workers uprising in East Germany -dissent pretty well killed in the 1960s-1970s -cause of the extensive culture of informants, both official and
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