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HIS344Y1 (120)

October 5th 2010

4 Pages
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University of Toronto St. George
Vasilis Dimitriadis

October 5 th Decolonization Part I - rith of bipolar world citizenth - 19 century and first half 20 century, primarily France and Britain lost significant influence and both states had to secure the support of the United States - the impact of the American programs were meant to support Western Europe, both economic and political revitalization of Western Europe in the shape of Truman doctrine and the Marshall Plan - Marshall Aid J sinister plan, there was also a condition that the states had to purchase American consumer goods and their resources, fuels, etc. from America. - an attempt to take over the world in economic terms - the Soviet Union implemented its own plan J Stalinization, eliminating any opposing regimes th th - The two imperial powers throughout the 19 century and first half of the 20 century: British and the French empire - immediate consequence: decolonization J total collapse of their colonial power - decolonization: it was Britain and France who initiated fragmentation of power - total misleading statement - no point after WII did they complement the fate and justice of their empire was unfair - they were compelled to do so - they had no desire and tried to hold on to their empire even after it was proven impossible for them due to lack military or economic or combination both - the political and economic consequences of the war was what compelled the two states to give up their empires - calling the world to join the Grand Alliance to fight Nazi Germany and Fascist Japan - August 1941: all over the world, empires or colonial powers could not fight other empires and hold onto their own one at the same time - social and economic exploitation made it impossible for Britain and France to continue their policy - call for British people at home by Chamberlain and Churchill was asking for tremendous sacrifices - even before WWII, Germans were living better off - even after WII, only a small % own their resources in England - 1942: unless the social structure of Britain changed, it would not be able to exist as a primary stateworld power - in addition to offering social welfare, also seeking housing for the power, were offered between 1945 and 1947, introduced by the new Labour Party - support by US - both Britain and France were unwilling to give up their empire - British: - India: 1888, already sought independence from Britain and establish an independent India. Its party was inclusive, every citizen of India could become member of the Congress Party. Gandhi: did not advocate military resistance but through passivepeaceful means. Nehru: was Western educated so would have acted upon
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