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HIS344Y1 (120)

Jan 11

4 Pages
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University of Toronto St. George
Vasilis Dimitriadis

From Crisis to Dtente The Aftermath of the Crisis - June 1963: hotline - long term consequences: Moscow deeply humiliated by the lost - Russia: - ZK]}L}Z}^ o }-]ZL _ - rechannel of resources and build own strategic weapons - Kennedy: admitted and initiated closer relationship to Soviet Union - he sent oldest administratordiplomat J Averell Harriman J Roosevelt to Stalin - to establish close link between two states - any issue that come up J resolve through negotiation instead of sneaking in weapons - this initiated the dtente Dtente - Bikini Island Test - islands gone - }Lo^2oZZ_]ZoLZo - civilians hurt - ^@Z }K_~ - created a crater that can be seen from space - 50 megatonnes J what could prevent US from creating it? Thus, both sides never end. - both sides have to come to an agreement to, at least, limit the testing of the bomb - August 1963: both sides agreed to sign a test ban treaty J nuclear testing limited - UK-US-Soviet Union signed - France refused to sign J France in the progress of developing their nuclear technology - China still developing their nuclear weapons J signing would mean limiting their testing - reduce tensions between US and Soviet Union - US agree to sell grain to the USSR J first signstep - 5 powers discriminated other states - China supported Pakistan, so India must have nuclear weapons - 1968: more meaningful dialogue in attempt to limit nuclear powerweapons - denied food and cut standard of living in Soviet Union to build up nuclear strength - 1969: USSR reached nuclear parity with US - US did not care if USSR had more weapons if they could not deliver it or defend American attack - dtente did not stop here - Feb 1962: Nixon, one of the most right-winganti-Communist, visited China and signed a deal - huge breakthrough - caught Russians off guard @ZZK2L [} Z]L - when they were condemned by Russia, Mao initiated Cultural Revolution J which underestimated China - for a year, the outside world did not know what China was up to
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