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Lecture 14

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Vasilis Dimitriadis

Lecture 14February 1 2011DtenteThe Era of NegotiationsCold War tensions were difficult to overcomeeach side saw the other as an enemy superpower competitionRegional conflicts played a crucial role in hindering dtente Nuclear parity was achieved at the end of the 1960searly 1970sMAD theoryPreoccupation of the United States with Vietnam and the The emergence of China as a super powerEventually the United States and USSR sit down to reduce the tension between their statesPreliminary steps to reduce tension 1950 and 1970 to reduce military competition also included economic social commercial interests The deal was so multitudinous What did the US hope to achieve from this deal By agreeing to dtente the Americans hoped to initiate some economic relationcommercial exchanges Above all they hoped to bind the Soviet Union to accept the status quo which was still on the American side If the USSR were to agree to a dtente the United States would share with them beneficial trade agreements They hoped that the USSR would see more benefits in accepting the status quo rather than challenging it What did the USSR hope to achieve from this deal They expected that in signing the dtente the US would recognize them as equal in all aspects political equals and above all equality in spheres of influence in global politics Most historians do not see eyetoeye on dtente revisionists and orthodox The traditionalists believe that the dtente was successful and had a positive influence on domestic social political economic life in both countries The dtente was beneficial and The revisionists believe that the dtente allowed the USSR to gain influence over the US and challenge US interest in places they would never have thought was possible before By binding the US the Soviets took advantage of some of the loopholes in the treaty looking to gain nuclear superiority over the US Overall the dtente served no purpose allowing the USSR to gainsneak up on the US blinding them USSoviet RelationsNixon did not show any interest in sitting down with the USSR Since he could not solve the war in Vietnam Nixon agreed to an initial accordsettlement Brezhnev showed from the very beginning a willingness For him to show an international breakthrough to compel the US to treat the USSR as an equal would solidify his rule in the USSR Kissinger seeing no possibility for the US to come out of the Vietnam War as a victor came to the recognition of a deal between the United States and Soviet Union The minute the US recognized China it would be easier for the US to extend a diplomatic agreement with the USSR
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