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HIS344Y1 (120)

The Post Cold War World

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Vasilis Dimitriadis

The Post Cold War World 11-03-15 7:26 PM The Implosion Of Eastern Europe -the End of the Cold War in the Third World like Angola and Cambodia -reduced super power tension -however the united States not convinced that the Cold War Over (Bush Administration) although tension reduced in the third worldthe cold war mentality was still very much alive -in Europe, the tension, confrontation and division remained the same -Warsaw pact renewed after Gorbachev came to power shows that Gorbachev himself never thought the Cold War would end there and that the division of Europe would continue -there was a recognition among kremlinogists that reforms would come about but neither foresaw the rapid collapse of the communist system as it happened in the late 80s the assumption that the Soviet Union would continue to fight for its territorial interestspreventing a change in the makeup of soviet satellites -B. Scowcroft US policy not the catalyst of the collapse of the Soviet Union -Gorbachevs Perestroika (The restructuring) not clear what Gorbachev had intended by the perestroika and if this were his initial plan (or if he just got carried away) -Gorbachev disliked the Soviet commitment to Eastern Europe therefore he did not feel the same way over Eastern Europe as the Third World clearly expressed by 1988the Brezhnev doctrine is out (allowing Russia to use military force to sustain the socialist system) -Gorbachev doctrine out, Sinatra Doctrine in the idea of doing it my way Allow the Eastern European states freedom over their political and economic systems o Allow for a better standard of living o Only then did Bush see the possibility of the Cold War dismantled(bc he was ready to give up eastern Europe) -Eastern european states took advantage of this -Poland Allow for the first multi-candidate elections (not necessarily multi- party elections) A step forward but the essence of a communist system would still remain o However the polish people didnt fall for thisabout 40% approved, and even less participated -by 88, Polish guys hand forced, had to enter into negotiations with the Catholic Church and the Solidarity movement Solidarity eventually legalized And an agreement for free-elections -obvs the polish elections were a disaster for the Communist Party overwhelming success for the Solidarity basically polish society as a whole generally rejected communism and a socialist system -the Hungarian Sieve also followed the path of Poland kicked out their Communist leader, replaced him with a socialist guy o even this was seen as too mild by 1989, on the verge of becoming a non-communist government May 1989, opening up of the bordersborder to Austria o A gate into western Europe o Eastern Germans really took advantage of this (Hungary was the Highway to Freedom) Could travel to Eastern Europe but not eh West This led to an international crisis Eastern German leader complained a lot to Hungary and Gorbachev, but Gorbachev did not respond to the complaints -East Germany The focal point The fall of the wall
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