Early Cold War 9/25/2012 1:06:00 PM
The Truman Doctrines
Europe devastated by WWII, Germany was reaching starvation.
There was an understanding that Russia would be compensated for
helping and be compensated for the damages from Germany.
West Germany particularly was in bad shape, they had starving
people and no other states could help due to financial issues. When
the standard of living in Germany dropped below eating 1000
calories a day. Starvation was such a serious issue that they
needed to find a way to help or else they would rise up and start
The British voluntarily removed themselves from the East of
Germany (Turkey and Greece). They placed the responsibility on
helping Germany on the United States. Americans feared economic
collapse in Europe. Americans had to hold up the western parts of
They understood that this required a large amount of money to do.
At this time congress was taken over by republicans , and they
wanted to make large cuts to the government. Truman said – There
is a chance for the communists to take over (black and white
terms) US reveals its policy to be against the Soviet Union.
This worked to get congress to bail out the western part of Europe.
The Emergence of the Bipolar World
The Marshall Plan
o Europe had to come up with certain degrees of cooperation
between European States.
o US supervision of their economic plans.
o Lend money to any state for reconstruction and
o Give any states loans if they were in economic difficulties.
US had control over these and had a 13% vote on
everything and has always been run by an American
o Russians had to make deals as well Soviets had to open up their economies to American
bankers and they had to open their markets to
Americans. This was obviously unacceptable to the
Russians and Stalin.
European Economic Recovery and Integration
o The 16 states that agreed to all these stip