HIS377 Lecture Notes Feb 27 th
I. the lost chance for peace?
• Geneva summit, july 1955
• sputnik 1, October 1957
• the kitchen debates , july 1959
• camp davd, October 1959
• U2 incidnt, may 1960
– francis Gary Powers
– esisenhoweris like fine we were spying but we had to for national security
– kirtof demands that they apologize for spying and they do not
II. Linking with the MIC
– Economically they may hhave been doing well, they also lived in constant
– Fear of nuclear war
– The atomic world (thermal nuclear bombs)
– The hydrogen bomb
– Eisenhower is concerned what to do or what it will make of the society as
– SANE, Pugwash and Doomsday Clock
– Civil Defense
– The manhatten project: us, Britain and canada
– But pass act that nuclear act that says they will not share automic weapons
– Eisenhow givens two speeches, both with names with peace in it: chansfer
peace and atoms for peace speech at the UN. – changing atmic research
from military to civilian.
– Ironic that a man of war speaks of peace all the time.
– Worry about proliferation
– Alfred eisentein signes magnifesto asking for the control of atomic
weapons (about a week before he dies)
– Pugwash was conference in nova scotia of a group of incredibly
– SANA: scientist and high profile celebrities. : antinuclear protests at
– Key speaker elenor Roosevelt
– Fear of communism
– House unamerican activities committee
– Mccarthy and hoover
– Hollywood blacklist
– The second red scare
– The lavender scare: homosexuals were a threat to nuclear threats and
– Actually genuine terror can’t tell what a communist looks like. Slowly
working to undermine America’s way of life.
III. The New Frontier: kennedy – Democrat from Massachusetts
– First president born in the 20 century
– First catholic president
– 1960 election: narrowly defeated VP Richard Nixon
– first “tv” president
– moving from the 1950s a period of affluence and fear to the 1960s which
was a rapic social and political change. The world is changing
dramatically: threat of communism, threat of nuclear war, social upheaval.
The womens rights movement start to creshendo
– youth activism
– America themselves is changing
– Keep in mind that domestically America is becoming a different place
which might in part influence its international realm.
– The “united states is going to drive change be the locomotive of change
in the world—that is America would be)
– 43 years old
– ask americans (young amercians) to suffer or to work really hard. To
– Kenedy is concerned that America is becoming weak
– The new fronters men was his team. Secretary f defence Robert mcnara,
NSA mcgeorge Bundy the best and the britest: who will collectively
commit the united states to Vietnam: acton intellectuals.
– Later with Jackie kennedy you will see _____, at the time still called new
frontier not ______.
– Mcnara: car company success
– Bundy: Harvard success as young dean
– walt rostow: entered yale at 16 and finished his phd at 24
– Robert Kennedy!!! Even more extreme than kennedy
– State dean rusk: super strong and very smart man but not that strong:
signifies that kennedy intended to keep a firm grip of foreign policy in his
won (that is kennedy much involved)
– Lydon baines jognson (southerner): not from fancy background, education
etc… so if you want to get things done in congress he is your man. But he
is never part of the action intelectuals and essentially frozen out of foergn
policy until he will become president on his own.
– Loved john wayne: favorite fictional character: james bond.
IV. National Secutir and flexible response