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Lecture

HIS378H Lecture Feb 27.docx

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School
University of Toronto St. George
Department
History
Course
HIS378H1
Professor
Professor Candace Sobers
Semester
Winter

Description
HIS378H Lecture Feb 27/2014 • Introduction: the “Longest War” o Anti­communism is how we get to Vietnam from the US perspective o The French take control of the peninsula  Indo­china  There are pockets of national resistance   Ho Chi Min • Helps to lead anti­Japanese resistance during WWII • The French have no intention on giving up control of the colony  • French forces get trapped in a valley and eventually they have to surrender after a long siege  (Dien Bien Phu) • The setting where the west has suffered the most in history • The anti­communist west had lost again ho chi min  o This is an issue for the US because they can’t let countries in Asia go communist o They propose a conference (Geneva Conference)  Temporary division at 17  parallel   1955­1956 • US MAAG trains ARVN (S) • Elections • Domino theory o If one goes communist they will all go communist  • Concept of western solidarity o Countries of the west need to band together to succeed in the east  1960­1963 • NLF (Viet Cong) created • 400 US Special Forces train ARVN (S) • Strategic Hamlet Program • MACV created (1962) • Op Ranch Hand (1962) • Buddhist Crisis (1963) • Diem assassinated  • Kennedy assassinated  • The “Bitch of a War”: LBJ and Escalation o 1964­1968  Tonkin gulf incident (August 1964)  3500 Marines arrive (March 1965)  Op Rolling Thunder + Pielku   Tet Offensive  My Lai  McNamara resigns • A
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