Class Notes (836,381)
Canada (509,762)
History (3,264)
HIS385H1 (117)
Chin Lim (107)
Lecture 3

Lecture 3 - Chinese Community in Early Colonial Hong Kong.docx

9 Pages
Unlock Document

Chin Lim

HIS385 Lecture 3 JAN24/2014 Cont. of last week’s lecture - no city of Hong Kong before Opium War - Lord Palmerston (1 governor): “barren rock with hardly a house on it” (not entirely true – there were inhabitants, just very few) - military occupation, 1841  Colony in 1843 - HK is not close to the political center as well as the economic center of China  reason for choosing Hong Kong - HK = British headquarters for trade, diplomacy, military - proximity to Shanghai taken into account - Hong Kong Charter, 1843 – Queen Victoria “Letters Patent”: designated Crown Colony title, Governor post Governor charged w/ responsibility of administration – letter outlines responsibilities - “Royal Instructions”: administrative system longer document w/ more details for daily administration (these two documents are basis for first assignment) Administration of Hong Kong - Governor (Sir Henry Pottinger was 1 ) st Crown’s representative, executive authority, administrator, diplomat (until 1860) – relation to China, trade superintendent (especially trade between British and China) Executive Council - members appointed by British crown, served administrative functions - Chinese member finally admitted in 1926 - Many members also serve as the Legislative Council - Cadets (HK Cadetship 1861+) Legislative Council - governor made appointment decisions (Members are crown appointed) - usually officials, prominent merchants - served legislative functions – ie. passing laws - Chinese member in 1880 Civil Service - British expatriates - Portuguese and Indians (who had been in region for much longer) - Hong Kong Chinese Familiar with Chinese culture and Chinese community - Cadets (HK Cadetship from 1861 onwards) Recruit fresh graduates  to serve as civil servants in colonies like HK Given proper training – language, governance Slight improvement between gov’t and Chinese people Slightly more professional in terms of training 2 Limitations on HK’s Autonomy - appointment of Governor – by London • London has the power to strip governor of power • Represents the interest of the British not HK - no independent legislation – ie. English laws applied there, and any Chinese customs that violated English law were prohibited • HK laws based on existing British laws - balanced budget required – British not interested in investing huge sums • not permitted to have deficit every year • not allowed to waste resources in things not needed by HK • prevent the government from investing in public services that will essentially benefit HK o careful in using their resources well, so they rarely invest in social programs or infrastructure o anything they do invest in leads to the improvement of trade • the Britain can control the cost of running HK • After WW, shift in mindset  invested in public education, health, etc. that benefits the people of HK - small colonial government with few services - ie. Little investment in public health, housing, education, etc (til WWI) • Intended because huge gov’t = expensive • Control the cost of gov’t therefore efficient and small 3 Land Developments - land surveys - town of Victoria (administrative center of HK), roads (Queen’s Road) - reclamations on waterfront ASSIGNMENT - cite readings more than lectures - historical background – context of the creation of the documents & why do they exist? - balance – satisfying all three requirements - do not summarize & identify important points - context will serve as introduction - conclusion is third requirement – wrap-up - unless you notice similarities… the two documents are quite different - legal contracts Chinese Community in Early Hong Kong [!] refer to notebook for my notes [!] - Chinese settlement in HK pre-1841 single-surname village multi-surname village population 5,000 1842: HK Chinese became British subjects 4 - concept of dual nationality hadn’t really existed before - original inhabitants, merchants, smugglers (serve as middle man of British and the local gov’t), labourers (Chinese peasants as construction workers) - Chinese under Chinese laws/customs – that had fled for refuge or economic opportunities - as long as these laws did not violate HK laws, they would be allowed to continue – opportunity to manage a lot of affairs independently w/o government interference - “indirect rule” through villages + community organization/leaders  stand for the interests of Chinese community - Registrar-General (1845) - Chinese majo
More Less

Related notes for HIS385H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.