Class Notes (806,507)
Canada (492,261)
History (3,200)
HIS395H1 (1)

01 Introduction.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Hui Kian Kwee

01 Introduction Historical Overview  Long history – center focus on nation-centered historiography o We normally focus on the settled people instead of the migrants. In this class, we will focus on the migrants instead o 1500-1800  During this period of time, this was when Columbus discovered America (The Age of Discovery), Europeans tried to find ways to go to America as well as India and other parts of Asia  New Worlds, East and West Indies  There were whole series of major movements such as the African slave migration  Russian serfs – this is also a period where Russians migrated to Siberia o There were different types of human migration and they have taken place in the second millennium  Human migration did not happen only during these times, there were earlier flows  Armenians, Jews, Greeks, Indians, Chinese, Africans (eg. Hausa)  Political Movements  Mongolian Invasion (1270s-1290s), the Crusades (1095-1272)  Christians against the Muslims  Religious Reasons  Buddhist pilgrims, Islamic haj  In the picture provided, each circle represented an area where people traded. There were movements of trade even before 1500 th th o 19 to mid-20 century: “Age of Mass Migration”, “Asian Mobility Revolution”  1940s: 10%, 1940s: 24%  1965-1990: 2.1-2.3% of the world population  Migration and Borders o Intermarriage and assimilation, officialdom  Since the 1950s after decolonization, this is really when they start to draw where the national boundaries are o Increasingly restrictive, passport controls  Aliens have become designated to new countries and became high officials in the specific marriage  There was a great diversity, but people assimilated well into their new countries o Originated in US, Canada, Australia and South Africa from 1950’s, used internationally  These types of restrictions started in North America but has developed in other countries for homeland security  Borders came after the human migration  Types of Migration o Religious, trade and political o Labor – most massive  African slaves being brought to South America and Caribbean mainly to perform plantation purposes  Coerced/free, forced/voluntary o Traders, Displaced people  Traders most of the times were travelled voluntarily, while displaced people were much more coerced types of forced migration o Rise of European suprthacy  During the 15 century and colonizing large parts of the world, many human migrations took place reaching the peak in the 20 century for economic expansion  Plantations, mining, economic expansion – needs for labor o Europeans/Africans/Asians (Indians, Chinese) – unequal conditions Focus of the Course  Massive, long-distance, cross-continental migrations  More oppressed types, i.e. Afro-Asians  Time frame: 1500 – present Periodization  Part 1: 1500 – 1820 o Europeans discovery and expansion o Iberia (Portuguese and Spanish) control over Central and South America – sugar plantation, mining o The British, Dutch, French, etc. especially in the Caribbean sugar revolutions o African slave migration, trans-Atlantic  For labor needs, they did not want to use the native Indian population because they reduced by 90% when in contact with the Europeans  Africans did not die out because they were already in contact so they had the immunity for the common diseases. In America, this was extremely new to the Indians and thus died out very quickly  cf pathogens and depopulation  Part 2: 1820 – 1940 o European colonialism and glob
More Less

Related notes for HIS395H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.