HMU111H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Old Hall Manuscript, Sandro Botticelli, John Dunstaple

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Published on 1 Apr 2016
School
Department
Course
R. Giles 2015
Renaissance Music in Fifteenth-Century Burgundy
Italy
Renaissance = ‘rebirth
oMusicians studied music theory, misinterpreted Greek/Roman modes with the 8 church
modes – much theory made up
Medieval Scholasticism vs. Renaissance Humanism
oRevival of ancient learning vs. darkness to light (enlightenment)
oHumanism: philisophical stance that emphasizes agency of human beings
Humanists in disagreement with older scholars, power of language, persuasion
created curriculum we study today
Francesco Petrarca: First humanist
oIdolized Cicero (from Julius Caesar) – “Letter to Posterity”
Erasmus of Rotterdam: Dutch humanist who wrote translations of ancient texts
Printing Press – movable, increased sharing
oComplicated process, one type of symbol at a time
oOttaviano Petrucci’s Odhecaton – collection of chansons printed in 1501
The Reformation: Martin Luther
oNailed protests on church doors protesting misinterpretation within Catholic church
Banking and Economic changes: Currency change – started out as bankers and became wealthy
Sandro Botticelli – Renaissance artist, lifelike paintings
The Origins of the Musical Renaissance (England)
Johannes Tinctoris – Proportionale musices [1476]
The “Contenance Angloise” (English Quality)
Carol: 2 – 3 part setting of a religious poem.
Consists of a number of stanzas with the same music (strophic)
Burden – refrain sung at the beginning/after each verse.
Homophony, all voices sing the same text: vertical sonorities rather than independent lines
Sweet sound of consonances (3rds and 6ths) and not for the dissonances of the French motet.
The Old Hall Manuscript: Compiled 1415–21
Primary source for late 14th and early 15th century English music
Includes Mass Ordinary settings and isorhythmic motets
John Dunstable
Spent time in France in the service of the Duke of Bedford (France)
Wrote isorhythmic motets, Mass Ordinary settings, secular songs and three-part settings of
liturgical texts
“Contenance angloise”: imperfect consonance and parallel motion (motet)
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Document Summary

Renaissance = rebirth": musicians studied music theory, misinterpreted greek/roman modes with the 8 church modes much theory made up. Medieval scholasticism vs. renaissance humanism: revival of ancient learning vs. darkness to light (enlightenment, humanism: philisophical stance that emphasizes agency of human beings. Humanists in disagreement with older scholars, power of language, persuasion. Francesco petrarca: first humanist created curriculum we study today: idolized cicero (from julius caesar) letter to posterity . Erasmus of rotterdam: dutch humanist who wrote translations of ancient texts. Printing press movable, increased sharing: complicated process, one type of symbol at a time, ottaviano petrucci"s odhecaton collection of chansons printed in 1501. The reformation: martin luther: nailed protests on church doors protesting misinterpretation within catholic church. Banking and economic changes: currency change started out as bankers and became wealthy. Carol: 2 3 part setting of a religious poem. Consists of a number of stanzas with the same music (strophic) Burden refrain sung at the beginning/after each verse.

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