HPS211H1 Lecture Notes - Scientific Revolution, Scholasticism, Heliocentrism


Department
History and Philosophy of Science and Technology
Course Code
HPS211H1
Professor
Curtis Forbes

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HPS211 Jan 15th lecture 2
Descartes, newton, and The Scientific Revolution
Copernicus, Galileo and the Mathematical view of Nature
Galileo
-Anti scholasticism
Entertained and philosophical
-Heliocentrism
Sun is the center of the universe
Church did not like that
-Experimentalism
Thought that we needed to experiment to experience.
Unlike scholars who constantly worked on an Aristotelian thought
Proposed air resistance vs Aristotelian ‘heavy falls faster’
-Mathematics and the view of nature
In Aristotle days, math was considered low
But Galileo considered math the way
-Idealization and asymptotes
Descartes’s Mechanical Philosophy
-Quasi-Mathematical View
-Foundationalist Epistemology >> Saw knowledge as growing on secure foundation
Radical doubt, built knowledge on something you can’t deny
I think therefore I am, can’ deny my own existence
Matter and all things are the extensive matter
Sought to explain things rather than just describe them
-method of hypothesis >> test and explain things
Magnetism >> little screws attract objects
Vortex theory >> planet cells shed little bits off the earth while things are drawn
. towards earth with gravity
-Succeeded by Christiaan Hyugens and Jacques Rohault
Christiaan sought what the mathematical and mechanistic approach used for in life
Jacques became a prominent natural philosopher
Breaks down every phenomena piece-wise, rather than looking for global idea
Bacon and Boyle’s Experimentalism
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