HPS211H1 Lecture Notes - Scientific Revolution, Scholasticism, Heliocentrism

History and Philosophy of Science and Technology
Course Code
Curtis Forbes

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HPS211 Jan 15th lecture 2
Descartes, newton, and The Scientific Revolution
Copernicus, Galileo and the Mathematical view of Nature
-Anti scholasticism
Entertained and philosophical
Sun is the center of the universe
Church did not like that
Thought that we needed to experiment to experience.
Unlike scholars who constantly worked on an Aristotelian thought
Proposed air resistance vs Aristotelian ‘heavy falls faster’
-Mathematics and the view of nature
In Aristotle days, math was considered low
But Galileo considered math the way
-Idealization and asymptotes
Descartes’s Mechanical Philosophy
-Quasi-Mathematical View
-Foundationalist Epistemology >> Saw knowledge as growing on secure foundation
Radical doubt, built knowledge on something you can’t deny
I think therefore I am, can’ deny my own existence
Matter and all things are the extensive matter
Sought to explain things rather than just describe them
-method of hypothesis >> test and explain things
Magnetism >> little screws attract objects
Vortex theory >> planet cells shed little bits off the earth while things are drawn
. towards earth with gravity
-Succeeded by Christiaan Hyugens and Jacques Rohault
Christiaan sought what the mathematical and mechanistic approach used for in life
Jacques became a prominent natural philosopher
Breaks down every phenomena piece-wise, rather than looking for global idea
Bacon and Boyle’s Experimentalism
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