INI100H1 Lecture Notes - Continuity Editing, Chicken Wire, Train Whistle

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Innis College Courses
Course
INI100H1
Page:
of 3
INI115: Introduction to Film Study !
Lecture Outline!
Topic: Sound!
Date: 23 October 2012!
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Agenda:!
1) Introduction to film sound !
2) Functions of film sound!
3) Fundamentals of film sound !
4) Dimensions of film sound!
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Introduction to film sound!
Sound is distinct from mise-en-scène, cinematography, and editing in a couple of
ways: it comes to us via a separate strand of technology, and it became a permanent
component of film style much later historically.!
Moreover, it often proves more difficult to analyze for a variety of reasons, including
the fact that it is generally considered ancillary to the film image and cannot be frozen
in time for the purposes of study.!
Have to be more attentive when we listen to the sound in movies !
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Some of the most salient functions of film sound!
-to direct the spectator's attention!
Auditory cues. !
By making a sound mucho louder than the mother, causes or attention. !
-to shape how images are interpreted!
-to set mood!
-to create motifs!
-to define onscreen space and create off-screen space!
-to mask cuts (by creating expectations and through sound bridges and dialogue
overlap) !
Causing expectations !
-to enable silence to signify!
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Fundamentals of film sound!
1. Perceptual properties !
types of sound: speech, music, and noise (or sound effects) !
acoustic properties:!
Loudness !
Pitch !
Timbre !
2. selection, alteration, and combination of sound elements!
Sound mix !
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Dimensions of film sound!
• rhythm!
fidelity!
space (diegetic/nondiegetic, onscreen/offscreen, and internal/external) !
time (synchronous/asynchronous and simultaneous/non-simultaneous)!
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Low angle high angle shot!
Music is continuitous, it doesn't make us ignore the cuts made, but it takes of notice on
them!
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TUTORIAL: !
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Continuity editing !
Shot reverse shot!
180 rule !
Establishment shot !
Linear continuous time !
Preestablishment shot !
Mation action !
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Speech: !
internal dialog !
Diegetic: nonsimoltaneous- because wee know its coming from him !
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Noise: !
Onscreen: pail of water, scrape of spoon twisting of the chicken wire, the tapping,
ripping, glass breaking!
Offscreen: footsteps, tapping, train whistle, bike, gunshots, mag and keys !
These sounds are most of him getting ready !
Footsteps, bike, keys: we know guards are coming/ we want him to stop !
Gunshots: threat/ if he doesn't escape that's what could happen !
Train whistle: sonic motif. Beginning of the film, it's a sound of freedom that he still
doesn't have/ and it has a kind of animalistic sence, because it was screeching, and
not pleasant. But at the end it's happy engaging. !
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Music !
Mozart: C minor !
Relief buckets !
When they are empting the buckets !
End !
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Silence: !
Gives a sense of anxiety

Document Summary

Date: 23 october 2012: auditory cues, by making a sound mucho louder than the mother, causes or attention. To de ne onscreen space and create off-screen space. To mask cuts (by creating expectations and through sound bridges and dialogue overlap: causing expectations. Agenda: introduction to lm sound, functions of lm sound, fundamentals of lm sound, dimensions of lm sound. Some of the most salient functions of lm sound. To direct the spectator"s attention: selection, alteration, and combination of sound elements. Dimensions of lm sound: rhythm, delity, space (diegetic/nondiegetic, onscreen/offscreen, and internal/external, time (synchronous/asynchronous and simultaneous/non-simultaneous) Music is continuitous, it doesn"t make us ignore the cuts made, but it takes of notice on them. Fundamentals of lm sound: perceptual properties, types of sound: speech, music, and noise (or sound effects, acoustic properties, loudness, pitch, timbre, sound mix. Continuity editing: shot reverse shot, 180 rule, establishment shot, linear continuous time, preestablishment shot, mation action.