Class Notes (904,972)
CA (538,335)
UTSG (45,721)
INI (161)
INI100H1 (100)
Lecture

Notes taken during lecture

5 Pages
64 Views

Department
Innis College Courses
Course Code
INI100H1
Professor
Vikki Visvis

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
LECTURE March 17, 2011
STUDY THE EXCEPTIONS!!! That will be the tested
Also there are no connections between the following rules they are distinct ****
Most indefinite pronouns are singular
Ex. anyone, everyone, neither, either, etc.
EXCEPTIONS:
oMore; most; any; all; none; some
oLook at the object of the preposition in this case
AGREE WITH OBJECT OF PREPOSITION
If have two objects of prepositions, then agree with the first
Subject following verb
Usually word order is SVO
oEven if reversed, verb must agree with the REAL subject
oFirst locate the main verb and then ask yourself who is doing the action to
identify the subject
Subject MAY BE A COMPOUND thus use plural
In cases of There was an A and a B
oThe verb agrees with the first item, NOT THE COMPOUND
A computer and a copier WERE
oCompound noun because have two items THUS PLURAL
oVERSUS There was a computer and a copier
Singular here because use of there and here AND the first item
was singular
Agreement with collective nouns
Considered a unit, acting in unison, TAKING SINGULAR VERBS
His family comes from K versus His family come from A, B, and C
oFrom K singular because family engaging in collective action
oFrom A, B, and C plural because family members each had individual
actions
Look at context
oIf working together as unit SINGULAR VERB
oIf doing different things PLURAL VERB
A number versus The number of
A number of X ARE
The number of X IS
oT S Elliot
oT for the; S for is
Exclusive to these constructions
Titles for works and words referred to as words
www.notesolution.com
Regardless of the title is plural or singular, one title is SINGULAR
Drawing attention to the word as a word, not what it means or represents
Fractions
Two-thirds of X = VERB agrees with X
Agreeing with object of preposition
2/3 of the audience IS here if interpreting audience as a singular collective
oBut if interpreting the audience as individuals, then use ARE
2/3 of the jury is in consensus
oIS because talking about one part of the jury, that is agreeing
2/3 of the jury ARE not in consensus
oARE because there are different opinions in the group
Money
Singular if specified the sum
Plural if the sum is vague
Nouns ending in ics
Singular when referring to field of study
Otherwise, plural
As well as
SINGULAR if have two nouns joined by as well as
, as well as A, then use singular
oCommas take the A out of the equation, makes it less important
oWithout commas, can be plural
A + B = plural
Making it a compound like using and
But singular verb is also allowed
Relative pronouns: who, which, that
If these are used to be the subject, then verb should agree with noun that the
relative pronoun refers to
…students who study.
No more grammar, now rhetorical
Choosing the right verb
A single-word verb is often more forceful and formal than a 2 or 3-word verb
Avoid phrasal verbs
Overusing be
Clutters up the predicate
Less active
WILL BE TESTED:
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
LECTURE – March 17, 2011 STUDY THE EXCEPTIONS!!! That will be the tested Also there are no connections between the following rules – they are distinct **** Most indefinite pronouns are singular Ex. anyone, everyone, neither, either, etc. EXCEPTIONS: o More; most; any; all; none; some o Look at the object of the preposition in this case AGREE WITH OBJECT OF PREPOSITION If have two objects of prepositions, then agree with the first Subject following verb Usually word order is SVO o Even if reversed, verb must agree with the REAL subject o First locate the main verb and then ask yourself who is doing the action to identify the subject Subject MAY BE A COMPOUND thus use plural In cases of “There was an A and a B…” o The verb agrees with the first item, NOT THE COMPOUND “A computer and a copier WERE…” o Compound noun because have two items THUS PLURAL o VERSUS “There was a computer and a copier…” Singular here because use of “there” and “here” AND the first item was singular Agreement with collective nouns Considered a unit, acting in unison, TAKING SINGULAR VERBS “His family comes from K” versus “His family come from A, B, and C” o From K – singular because family engaging in collective action o From A, B, and C – plural because family members each had individual actions Look at context o If working together as unit – SINGULAR VERB o If doing different things – PLURAL VERB A number versus The number of… A number of X… “ARE” The number of X… “IS” o T S Elliot o T for the; S for is Exclusive to these constructions Titles for works and words referred to as words www.notesolution.com Regardless of the title is plural or singular, one title is SINGULAR Drawing attention to the word as a word, not what it means or represents Fractions Two-thirds of X = VERB agrees with X Agreeing with object of preposition “2/3 of the audience IS here” – if interpreting audience as a singular collective o But if interpreting the audience as individuals, then use “ARE” “2/3 of the jury is in consensus” o IS – because talking about one part of the jury, that is agreeing “2/3 of the jury ARE not in consensus” o ARE – because there are different opinions in the group Money Singular if specified the sum Plural if the sum is vague Nouns ending in –ics Singular when referring to field of study Otherwise, plural As well as SINGULAR if have two nouns joined by as well as “…, as well as A,…” then use singular o Commas take the A out of the equation, makes it less important o Without commas, can be plural A + B = plural Making it a compound …like using and But singular verb is also allowed Relative pronouns: who, which, that If these are used to be the subject, then verb should agree with noun that the relative pronoun refers to “…students who study.” No more grammar, now rhetorical… Choosing the right verb A single-word verb is often more forceful and formal than a 2 or 3-word verb Avoid phrasal verbs Overusing “be” Clutters up the predicate Less active WILL BE TESTED: www.notesolution.com Misplaced, squinting, dangling modifiers “only” is quite tricky – it’s placement in the sentence changes the meaning Squinting modifier is ambiguous about what it is modifying in the sentence o Two interpretation Dangling modifier doesn’t have a clear antecedent o What it is modifying is not explicitly stated and referred to Sentence structure Ind
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit