INI100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Formal System, Record Producer, Diegesis

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Despite the important role sound plays within any film"s formal system, it is extremely difficult to analyze (sound cannot be "frozen" in time, as the image can; oftentimes, individual elements of sound cannot be distinguished from one another). Sound can function as a cue, directing viewer attention. To define onscreen space and create off-screen space. To mask cuts (by creating expectations and through sound bridges and dialogue overlap) Fundamentals of film sound: acoustic properties: i) loudness (volume and perceived distance) ii) pitch ("highness" and "lowness" of sound) iii) timbre (tonal quality, selection, alteration and combination: Films typically make us of three types of sound: speech, music and noise (or sound ef- fects) and may employ any one type exclusively or in combination with others. As in the case with the image track, sound is not simply reproduced but represented-- even the simplest sound may be a result of extensive blending of different sounds, subject to mechanical alteration.

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