INI215Y Week 6 10/15/2012 8:12:00 AM
Introduction: What Happens in 1924?
We are investigating the development of German cinema from the mid
This period sees a shift from German film’s rise to prominence and links
with Expressionism to decline and links to Neue Sachlichkeit. (The New
The year 1924 is a pertinent dividing line, both because the nature of the
subject matter of German cinema changes, and because the industry
begins to falter.
The Kammerspielefilme and Die Neue Sachlichkeit
The Gradual shift away from fantasy is due to Kammerspielefilme
The influence of Expressionism in German cinema becomes far less
marked during the second half of the decade, displaced by both the
Kammerspielefilme and the street film.
Limited setting, plot development, and few characters
Kammerspielefilme shares qualities (emphasis on mood, intensity and
intimacy) with its theatrical predecessor.
Cultivated intimacy by concentrating on psychological intensity in
confined theatrical place.
Carl Mayer wrote the screenplays for virtually all of the important
examples of Kammerspielefilme.
Writer is the main driver of the film
kammerspiele attempt to reduce amount of exposition by
The intensity of expression relies on the cultivation of stimmung, “the
vibrations of the German soul.” (Lotte Eisner)
The way that stimmung is conveyed the most is lighting.
o lighting is constantly creating the sense of shimmering
surfaces. Its not to create aesthetic, but to create
stimmung atmosphere and a sense of constriction. The increasing emphasis on the everyday and the social roots of the
action depicted, even more obvious in the street film, finds its equivalent
in broader trends in art, labeled Die Neue Sachlichkeit (1924-29).
The realistic observation of social reality could be pitiless and even cynical,
as it depicted a country plagued by moral and spiritual decay.
If German Expressionism is concerned with the self, The New
Objectivity is more concerned with depiction of society. =.=
Prostitute in street film.
The Decline of the German Film Industry
In some ways, hyperinflation helped the film industry, while stabilisation