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University of Toronto St. George
Innis College Courses
Charlie Keil

Sound - Despite the important role sound plays within any film’s formal system, it is extremely difficult to analyse (sound cannot be ‘frozen’ in time, as the image can; oftentimes, individual elements of sound cannot be distinguished one from another. Function - To adapt to sound like you adapt to pictures and images - Direct attention to action - Can function as a cue, directing viewer attention - Functional exchange -> image works with sound and how they work together Fundamentals - Acoustics properties o Loudness (volume and perceived distance) o Pitch (high or low of sound) o Timbre (tonal quality) - Citizen Kane  echoing  vastness of space o High heels  echo  confidence - Selection, Alteration, and combination o Films typically make use of three types of sound: speech, music and noise (or sound effects) and may employ any one type exclusively or in combination with others. o Selective choice of sound effects o Music  Speech o As is the case with the image track, sound is not simply reproduced but represented – even the simplest sound may be a result of extensive blending of different sounds, subject to mechanical alteration. - Dimensions of film s - Sound o Possesses the ability of rhythm and fidelity  Pace and accent (any audio emission)  Can draw attention  Interact with other rhythms  Body mo
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