ITA332H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Marsilio Ficino, Accademia Di Belle Arti Di Firenze, Plotinus

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The form of the dialogue: revived in the 15th century from greek and latin classical antiquity, even in ancient greece, important innovation philosophy not oracular anymore, historical characterization & social commitment. Socrates, (470bc- 399bc: athenian philosopher & teacher, we know his teachings through plato" s writings. The apology of socrates = the speech that socrates gave in his own defense before being sentenced to death. Plato, (396bc- 388bc: follower of socrates, between 396-388 bc his writings mirror & reproduce the thought of socrates, in 387 founded an academy in athens for the study of philosophy, e. g. the symposium. Plato"s ideas: objects of perception are real insofar as they participate in immutable essences, ideas, logical forms, the universe consists of 2 things: Plotinus, (205ad- 270ad: combined platonism and aristotelianism, universe = hierarchy of forms, supreme form = the one, beauty = visible expression of essences.

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