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Lecture

JAL328 Lec 8 The Alphabet

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Department
Linguistics
Course
JAL328H1
Professor
C.Harvey
Semester
Winter

Description
Lec 8 The Alphabet March05131013 AMGreek the source of Classical EuropeBecause Greek created alphabet explains the rise of westernEuropean dominationGreek Mediterranean Bronze AgeSeries of earlier Greek writing systems in Bronze AgeBefore Athens Socrates etcCrete where it started Cretan hieroglyphsPhaistos Disc CyproMinoan scriptLinear B where real stuff can be readBut the Classical isnt the First GreekCrete home of the minoan civilization A number of scipts developed hereEarliest is Cretan Hieroglyphics2017th centuries BCShort impressions likely personal names Completely undeciphered Phaistos DiskFrom somewhere in 2nd mill BCCompletely unique Printing in a spiral Lectures Page 1 Spiral impressions by stamps45 unique signs Completely undecipheredLinear AIn crete1915thc BCIn parallel use as Cretan HieroglyphicsLonger texts and shares 50 symbols with Linear B Greek linear B can be read Linear B phonological relationsCan read much of Linear A but the language is unknownAdministrative accounting functions diff uses in societiesCyproMinoan1612thc BCSuperficially resembles Linear ARelatively small corpus has been foundUnknown languageLinear B Lectures Page 2
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