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08 - March 12, 2014.docx

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Ailis Cournane

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JLP315 March 12 2014PAGE 2NaturalisticKlecha paper Deb Roy Theory does not involve the collection of datanot empirical but makes use of other findings to then evaluate the theory but can also come up with theory without data but then will need to test it PAGE 3Children will avoid saying difficult constructionsavoid certain linguistic structures sounds etc does not mean that they do not know about itso naturalistic data will not allow us to see a large part of development because child will not be producingjudging the data Experiments put the children on the spot test their knowledge in a given timeAdvantagesallow us to prompt children to say something that they may not normally say Rare utterances compared to otherlooking at rare phenomenon that can tell us something about grammatical knowledgemay not get enough data from corpus even if child is producing those structures because the child is producing them at low frequency because the structure is just rare even in adult language PAGE 4The types of method vary by age of child and domain of researchworking together to tell you which type of model is best for research Perceiving and understanding is more difficult because need to get at TACIT knowledge and figure out the judgment the children makeCHALLENGESexperimental design limited because working with infants and children PAGE 5Theories provide hypothesisPAGE 6In phonological development a lot of the action happens early in life with first language acquisition of soundwe make use of a lot of methological paradigms that work on very young children infants that use what the child can docan assume the child can distinguish between two sounds or not Morphological and syntactic developmenteither prompt children to produce structures or assess childrens comprehension of certain sentences PAGE 9Habituationassociate a toy with baa associate another toy with daa at 6 months still universal listener can distinguish all sounds habituate the child to expect the bunny where there is a child so when he turns his head you know he has heard the change because he has been taught to expect the boy the toy associated with daa At 10 months of age no longer universal listener Must be habituationmust have a baseline measure of whether or not they understand how the experiment work PRIOR to the actual experimentneed some way of assessing is the child behaving the child in the way that during the actual experiment Trained the child using habituation SLIDE 10
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