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Lecture

Phonetics II

6 Pages
133 Views
Fall 2009

Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LIN100Y1
Professor
K.Kyumin

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LIN100 Lecture 3
Phonetics II
Todays goal
- Consonants a little more
- Vowels
- Syllabicity
Review
Linguistics is the scientific study of language.
Phonetics examination of the inventory and
structure of speech sounds (articulation,
acoustics, perception)
Vocal organs
Segmentation of speech
Three classes: Consonants, Vowels, Glides
Description of consonants
Place of articulation
Manner of articulation
Voicing status
Videos and websites
Video of vocal folds vibration:
http://www.ladefogeds.com/vowels/chapter2/vibrating
%20cords/vibrating.html
X-ray video of speech:
http://www.ladefogeds.com/course/transcription
%20exercises/moviepage.htm
IPA trainer: http://www.ipatrainer.com/user/site/
Peter Ladefgeds homepage:
http://phonetics.ucla.edu/course/chapter1/flash.html
Saggital sections (to play around)
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~danhall/phonetics/
sammy.html
Groups of sounds
Labial, Coronal, Dorsal
Sibilants/stridents: noisier fricatives and
affricates [s, z, , , , ]
Continuants: Fricatives, Vowels, Glides
t in atomic and atom
The alveolar t
the same sound in atomic and atom?
No
2
t in atom the tongue hits the alveolar ridge in a
ballistic motion; the closure cannot be
maintained for long
t in atomic the closure can be maintained at the
alveolar ridge
t in atom the tongue hits the alveolar ridge in a
ballistic motion; the closure cannot be
maintained for long
This sound is called flap
[ ]
(voiced)
pill and spill
The bilabial voiceless p
the same in pill and spill?
No
pill - an [h]-like sound after the release of [p]
spill – no such sound after the release of [p]
The [h]-like sound is called aspiration
Mechanism of aspiration
www.notesolution.com
Time lag between the release of the stop closure
and the starting of vocal folds vibration
3
IPA symbol for aspiration: [ ]
Aspirated Unaspirated
pill [pl] spill [spl]
till [tl] still [st l]
kill [kl] skill [skl]
Vowels
Constriction/Sonority
Cons. Glides Vowels
most/least least/most
Syllabicity (occupying the syllable peak/nucleus)
Cons./Glides Vowels
least most
Vowel articulation
- The front and back of the tongue
- Lips
The front and back of the tongue
Two dimensions in movements
- raising/lowering (Pete-pit-pet-pat)
- backward/forward (pat-pot)
Lips
- Pulled together (rounded)
boot
- Spread (unrounded)
beat
Vowel description
- Vowel height: raising/lowering of the tongue
body
- Backness/frontness: backward/forward
movement of the tongue body
- Lip rounding
- Tense vs. Lax
4
Vowel quadrilateral
A chart to plot vowels showing the relative
positions of the highest point of the tongue
Inside and the edge
=
vowels
Description – Vowel Height
heat [i] food [u]
hit [] foot []
High i u
) ) ) ) ) ) *
M id * * * Low
Description – Vowel Height
head [] hut []
sofa [ ]
High
*
* Mid ) )* * Low
Description – Vowel Height
hat [æ] hot []
High
*
www.notesolution.com

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Description
LIN100 Lecture 3 Phonetics II Todays goal Consonants a little more Vowels Syllabicity Review Linguistics is the scientific study of language. Phonetics examination of the inventory and structure of speech sounds (articulation, acoustics, perception) Vocal organs Segmentation of speech Three classes: Consonants, Vowels, Glides Description of consonants Place of articulation Manner of articulation Voicing status Videos and websites Video of vocal folds vibration: http:www.ladefogeds.comvowelschapter2vibrating %20cordsvibrating.html Xray video of speech: http:www.ladefogeds.comcoursetranscription %20exercisesmoviepage.htm IPA trainer: http:www.ipatrainer.comusersite Peter Ladefgeds homepage: http:phonetics.ucla.educoursechapter1flash.html Saggital sections (to play around) http:www.chass.utoronto.ca~danhallphonetics sammy.html Groups of sounds Labial, Coronal, Dorsal Sibilantsstridents: noisier fricatives and affricates [s, z, , , , ] Continuants: Fricatives, Vowels, Glides t in atomic and atom The alveolar t the same sound in atomic and atom? No 2 t in atom the tongue hits the alveolar ridge in a ballistic motion; the closure cannot be maintained for long t in atomic the closure can be maintained at the alveolar ridge t in atom the tongue hits the alveolar ridge in a ballistic motion; the closure cannot be maintained for long This sound is called flap [ ] (voiced) pill and spill The bilabial voiceless p the same in pill and spill? No pill - an [h]like sound after the release of [p] spill no such sound after the release of [p] The [h]like sound is calledaspiration Mechanism of aspiration www.notesolution.com
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