Lecture 1 Canadianisms
LIN201 Canadian English
- Blackboard readings x 2
Email: [email protected]
Office: SS4055 M-W 6-7pm.
Pop quiz - unknown date
- 10 mins long
- ONLY thing is stuff from the book
Midterm = objective from text
Final = objective (M/C, T/F) and essay type questions
No classes at all next week, but Hmk1 due the week after. And readings.
- Diff ways of saying words
- The vowel has no consensus in which can be used
- Vowel systems: is "V" shaped
- But in English = square shaped
- Regarding: Homework 1
- Complicating factor
• "BATH" words (British vs Canadian english)
- Be creative
- Must distinguish the diff in the diff pronunciations
*all bolded words in lecture slides are important for tests
- 34.5M people live in Canada
• 2013 English was spoken as a first language by 75% of population
- 62.5M people live in UK.
• 2013 English was spoken as a first language by 90% of population
- 311.5M people live in USA
• 2007 English was spoken as a first language by 80% of population
Lectures Page 1 Canadian Regions
- 10 diff provinces
- 3 territories
- Major regions:
• The North (3 territories = Yukon, Northwest, Nunavut? Also - - Que and Laborador is also part of this region)
• Eastern Canada (everything east of Manitoba; main regions = ON and Quebec)
• Atlantic provinces (NB, PEI, NS, NF&Lab) [ALL]
• Maritimes (ONLY NS, PEI, NB - NOT NewFoundLand)
• The West (Saskatchewan, Alberta, BC, Manitoba, )
• The Prairies (Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Alberta)
• Inland Canada (ON + West + North)
• The big distinction in Canada between = Newfoundland, Maritimes and Inland Canada
• Each have its own dialect...
- Most of Canada is not inhabited by people, most people live in the inland regions
- Most of Quebec speak French - but NFL, NB, NS, PEI.. Speak English … there is consequences
- Social classes are highly correlated with languages
- Unique features
• Most Canadians live w/in 200 km of US-Can border
• Quebec (Francophone province) interrupts the continuity of English-Language majority, splitting Atlantic
provinces (Maritimes + NFL &Lab) from central & western provinces.
• Canadians = highly urbanized and overwhelmingly middle-class.
• Much geographic, occupational and social mobility
- Relative to other countries, we have a lot of social mobility (in social status/hierarchy)
- As of 2011 (according to Stats Can)
• 6.2% of Quebecers reported speaking only English at home
Lectures Page 2 • 6.2% of Quebecers reported speaking only English at home
4% neither French / English
5% French & other, 2.8% English & Other
7.6% English / French
- About 9.9% of Montrealers reported speaking only English at home
• 56.5% French
• 7% neither English / French
• 8.7% French & other, 5.2% English & other
• 9.5% English & French
Language at home
Lectures Page 3 - In Montreal: English is minority
- In Toronto and Vancouver: English is majority
What am I?
- Soft drink
- Quebec - people call by default "soft drink"
- Southern USA - people call by default "coke"
Lectures Page 4 -
- Bunnyhug (in Saskatchewan)
- Kraft Dinner (KD)
- Native North America
- First Nations (only used in Canada)
Lectures Page 5 - Double Double
- Triple Triple
- (these are only spoken in Canada)
- Tim Hortons coffee
- Delux pizza
- "the works"
- In Quebec they call it "all dressed" (means all available toppings)
- At 5 Guys restaurant they call it "all the way"
- Use this definition: (not textbook's)
- Words (lexemes)…
• With an origin in Canada
• That describes a