LIN201 Lecture 1 Canadianisms.pdf

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Department
Linguistics
Course
LIN201H1
Professor
Matt Hunt Gardner
Semester
Summer

Description
Lecture 1 Canadianisms May-13-13 7:00 PM Lecture 1 LIN201 Canadian English Required readings: - Textbook - Blackboard readings x 2 Email: [email protected] Office: SS4055 M-W 6-7pm. Pop quiz - unknown date - 10 mins long - /10 - ONLY thing is stuff from the book Midterm = objective from text Final = objective (M/C, T/F) and essay type questions No classes at all next week, but Hmk1 due the week after. And readings. Lecture - Diff ways of saying words - Taco - Pasta - Salsa - Vietnam - Iraq - Leisure - Schedule - Either - Neither - The vowel has no consensus in which can be used - Vowel systems: is "V" shaped - But in English = square shaped - Regarding: Homework 1 - Complicating factor • "BATH" words (British vs Canadian english) Group Project: - Be creative - Must distinguish the diff in the diff pronunciations *all bolded words in lecture slides are important for tests Canadian English - 34.5M people live in Canada • 2013 English was spoken as a first language by 75% of population - 62.5M people live in UK. • 2013 English was spoken as a first language by 90% of population - 311.5M people live in USA • 2007 English was spoken as a first language by 80% of population Canadian Regions Lectures Page 1 Canadian Regions - 10 diff provinces - 3 territories - Major regions: • The North (3 territories = Yukon, Northwest, Nunavut? Also - - Que and Laborador is also part of this region) • Eastern Canada (everything east of Manitoba; main regions = ON and Quebec) • Atlantic provinces (NB, PEI, NS, NF&Lab) [ALL] • Maritimes (ONLY NS, PEI, NB - NOT NewFoundLand) • The West (Saskatchewan, Alberta, BC, Manitoba, ) • The Prairies (Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Alberta) • Inland Canada (ON + West + North) - Linguistically: • The big distinction in Canada between = Newfoundland, Maritimes and Inland Canada • Each have its own dialect... Canada - Most of Canada is not inhabited by people, most people live in the inland regions - Most of Quebec speak French - but NFL, NB, NS, PEI.. Speak English … there is consequences - Social classes are highly correlated with languages - Unique features • Most Canadians live w/in 200 km of US-Can border • Quebec (Francophone province) interrupts the continuity of English-Language majority, splitting Atlantic provinces (Maritimes + NFL &Lab) from central & western provinces. • Canadians = highly urbanized and overwhelmingly middle-class. • Much geographic, occupational and social mobility - Relative to other countries, we have a lot of social mobility (in social status/hierarchy) Quebec English - As of 2011 (according to Stats Can) • 6.2% of Quebecers reported speaking only English at home Lectures Page 2 • 6.2% of Quebecers reported speaking only English at home  72.8% French  4% neither French / English  5% French & other, 2.8% English & Other  7.6% English / French - About 9.9% of Montrealers reported speaking only English at home • 56.5% French • 7% neither English / French • 8.7% French & other, 5.2% English & other • 9.5% English & French Language at home Lectures Page 3 - In Montreal: English is minority - In Toronto and Vancouver: English is majority What am I? - Coke - Soft drink - Soda - Pop - Quebec - people call by default "soft drink" - Southern USA - people call by default "coke" - Couch - Sofa - Chesterfield Lectures Page 4 - - Hoodie - Sweatshirt - Bunnyhug (in Saskatchewan) - Pasta - Mac&cheese - Kraft Dinner (KD) - - Native North America - Aboriginal - Indian - Indigenous - First Nations (only used in Canada) Lectures Page 5 - Double Double - Triple Triple - (these are only spoken in Canada) - Tim Hortons coffee - Delux pizza - Supreme - "the works" - In Quebec they call it "all dressed" (means all available toppings) - At 5 Guys restaurant they call it "all the way" Canadianisms - Use this definition: (not textbook's) - Words (lexemes)… • With an origin in Canada • That describes a
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