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Lecture 4

LIN201 Lecture 4 CE pronunciation.pdf

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Matt Hunt Gardner

Lecture 4 CE pronunciation May-29-13 7:13 PM Pop quiz after done 2 chapters Lecture 4 Pop Quiz: Question 1) - Language business have to be in french (restaurant) - Signs had to be in french Question 2) - False - see textbook - NFL english is a separate dialect with a separate origin - Only part of Canadian English is for POLITICAL reasons Question 3) - South Park - Corner Gas - This hour has 22 minutes - How I Met Your Mother - Anne of Green Gables Question 4) - Chambers 2010 chart direct copy .. - See page 21: Don Dawn - Lager logger Midterm: Wednesday Chp1, 2, 3 Film in first class (chapter 2 similar info) anything in the lecture Chambers (2010) article T/F, one answer questions, M/C, fill in the blank... know specifically: - know features of Canadian English - history of immigration of Canada Know the vowel sets, and be able to give some examples for each of the diff vowel sounds Chapter 3 (textbook) continued… - P130 - Tables 3.7 - 11 - see notes and match lecture slides The Principle features of Canadian English cont. Canadian English Pronunciation - Well's Standard Lexical Sets ○ Phonemic inventory, phonemic incidence - Formants ○ Phonetic implementation - What about the East Coast??? Lectures Page 1 - What about the East Coast??? - Lectures Page 2 Lectures Page 3 Lectures Page 4 Lectures Page 5 Lectures Page 6 Lectures Page 7 Phonemic incidence , idosyncratic - Foreign (a) words After the Great Vowel Shift (so post-Norman French) ○  These words became PALM (but much of PALM became FACE during the Great Vowel Shift) □ e.g. potAYto, potAHto, tomAYto tomAHto, vAYse, vAHse ○ Post 1700s (so only NEW french words)  Words from Italian, Spanish, aboriginal languages, Chinese, arabic, etc.. ○ In Canada generally /ae/ is where these words - except where /ah/ is required by phonemic constraints (e.g. no lax vowels in open syllables)  e.g. paesta, draema, laeva, slaevic, where SBE and SAE have pAHsta, drAHma, lAHva, and slAHvic □ But spah and brah which became spoh and broh ○ Though especially younger speakers, choose the more American in words like … - Words ○ e.g. PROcess, PROgress, PROduce, etc..  Variation between 'oh' (GOAT) and "o" (LOT) usually when they are nouns (e.g. I am progressing, vs.. The progress)  More oh British pronunciations than SAE ○ words  e.g. docILE, futile, senile, verile □ Variation bewteen -ayl (like tile) and -el (like thistle) □ More -ayl British pronunciations than SAE  Second syllable -iy prefixes □ e.g. anti, semi-, multi  Variation between -iy, and -ay-  More -iy British pronunciation than SAE - Past tense of shine ○ Rhymes with gone (like BSE) - Roof, hoof, ○ U or uh? - , ○ Full or reduced vowel? ○ e.g. library(lib-ry), laboratory (lab-try) - Stress in French loan words ○ e.g. ballet, cachet, café, frontier, garage, massage, pate, souvenir - Stress in Latin words ○ e.g. frustrate, rotate, vibrate Lectures Page 8 Vowel Formants - A way for measuring phonetic implementation of vowels Periodic Noise American word vs Canadian "zed" vs "zee" Vocal Tract Lectures Page 9 Vocal Tract - Sound coming out is periodic - Sounds bounce around in our nasal and oral cavity - Regular waves of energy crashes into each other Formants = Frequencies with high amplitudes Frequency = cycles / time Lectures Page 10 - When added together, = wave t
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