Lecture 4 CE pronunciation
Pop quiz after done 2 chapters
- Language business have to be in french (restaurant)
- Signs had to be in french
- False - see textbook
- NFL english is a separate dialect with a separate origin
- Only part of Canadian English is for POLITICAL reasons
- South Park
- Corner Gas
- This hour has 22 minutes
- How I Met Your Mother
- Anne of Green Gables
- Chambers 2010 chart direct copy ..
- See page 21:
- Lager logger
Chp1, 2, 3
Film in first class (chapter 2 similar info)
anything in the lecture
Chambers (2010) article
T/F, one answer questions, M/C, fill in the blank...
- know features of Canadian English
- history of immigration of Canada
Know the vowel sets, and be able to give some examples for each of the diff vowel sounds
Chapter 3 (textbook) continued…
- Tables 3.7 - 11 - see notes and match lecture slides
The Principle features of Canadian English cont.
Canadian English Pronunciation
- Well's Standard Lexical Sets
○ Phonemic inventory, phonemic incidence
○ Phonetic implementation
- What about the East Coast???
Lectures Page 1 - What about the East Coast???
Lectures Page 2 Lectures Page 3 Lectures Page 4 Lectures Page 5 Lectures Page 6 Lectures Page 7 Phonemic incidence , idosyncratic
- Foreign (a) words
After the Great Vowel Shift (so post-Norman French)
These words became PALM (but much of PALM became FACE during the Great Vowel Shift)
□ e.g. potAYto, potAHto, tomAYto tomAHto, vAYse, vAHse
○ Post 1700s (so only NEW french words)
Words from Italian, Spanish, aboriginal languages, Chinese, arabic, etc..
○ In Canada generally /ae/ is where these words - except where /ah/ is required by phonemic constraints (e.g. no lax
vowels in open syllables)
e.g. paesta, draema, laeva, slaevic, where SBE and SAE have pAHsta, drAHma, lAHva, and slAHvic
□ But spah and brah which became spoh and broh
○ Though especially younger speakers, choose the more American in words like …
○ e.g. PROcess, PROgress, PROduce, etc..
Variation between 'oh' (GOAT) and "o" (LOT) usually when they are nouns (e.g. I am progressing, vs.. The
More oh British pronunciations than SAE
e.g. docILE, futile, senile, verile
□ Variation bewteen -ayl (like tile) and -el (like thistle)
□ More -ayl British pronunciations than SAE
Second syllable -iy prefixes
□ e.g. anti, semi-, multi
Variation between -iy, and -ay-
More -iy British pronunciation than SAE
- Past tense of shine
○ Rhymes with gone (like BSE)
- Roof, hoof,
○ U or uh?
○ Full or reduced vowel?
○ e.g. library(lib-ry), laboratory (lab-try)
- Stress in French loan words
○ e.g. ballet, cachet, café, frontier, garage, massage, pate, souvenir
- Stress in Latin words
○ e.g. frustrate, rotate, vibrate
Lectures Page 8 Vowel Formants
- A way for measuring phonetic implementation of vowels
American word vs Canadian "zed" vs "zee"
Lectures Page 9 Vocal Tract
- Sound coming out is periodic
- Sounds bounce around in our nasal and oral cavity
- Regular waves of energy crashes into each other
Formants = Frequencies with high amplitudes
Frequency = cycles / time
Lectures Page 10 - When added together, = wave t