Class Notes (810,583)
Canada (494,161)
Linguistics (394)
LIN204H1 (55)

LIN204 Lec 9 Coordination.pdf

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Safieh Moghaddam

Lec 9: Coordination July-31-13 3:20 PM Coordination ○ Coordination in English involves the COORDINATORS: and, but, or, nor ○ The constituents they connect are called COORDINATES. - Coordinators and coordinating conjunctions = the same - NP = coordinate coordinates = the phrases that are joined - Coordinator = and, or, but, so, yet ..etc - A way to combine phrases and sentences together - Coordinating conjunctions are used to combine sentences ○ e.g. and, so, but, yet, or ○ NOTE: when joining sentences, must but comma (,) before and so but (sometimes: or) ○ And = add information ○ So = cause and effect ○ But = oppose ideas ○ Or = choice between two, or alternatives - E.g. I have gone to France AND England ○ And here is joining two NPs (France and England ) - e.g. I went home, AND took a shower. ○ Joining 2 clauses use comma before and - e.g. I felt hungry, SO I got a hotdog ○ Cause = felt hungry ○ Effect = got a hotdog - e.g. I felt hungry, BUT I didn't want a hotdog. ○ 2 opposing ideas: felt hungry < - - > didn't want - e.g. Do you want an apple OR an orange? ○ 2 NPs = apple / orange ○ Joining 2 NPs - e.g. You want to go to the store OR rather stay home? ○ Joining 2 clauses ○ You is implied in the second clause Bare vs. Expanded Coordinates ○ The SECOND coordinate also forms a constituent with the coordinator called an EXPANDED COORDINATE: - Bill and Mary = one coordinate - Expanded coordination = the blue bracket - [Bill] = one coordinate - [and [Mary]] = another coordinate - And = coordinating conjunction / coordinator - The coordinate WITHOUT conjunction = BARE Coordinate - WITH the conjunction in the coordinate = EXPANDED Coordinate - e.g. ○ I went home and we ate. (This is a coordination construction) ○ Coordinate = I went home ○ Coordinate = We ate. Coordinating conjunction = and Lectures Page 1 ○ Coordinating conjunction = and ○ Expanded coordinate = "And we ate" = the part that was added to the sentence ○ Bare coordinate = I went home ○ Bare coordinate = We ate Unique Properties of Coordination ○ Coordination has several unique properties  Unlimited # of coordinates  Expanded coordinates can NEVER be preposed  Bare coordinates MUST be syntactically similar PROPERTY 1: Unlimited # of Coordinates ○ In theory - our grammar allows an infinite # of coordinates ○ It's only the limitations of our memory and time that actually restrict the # of coordinates (aka the list was going on for too long and there were too many things listed, that you already mentioned and so limits the # of coordinates) PROPERTY 2: Expanded Coordinates can NEVER be preposed ○ Unlike PPs which can be preposed (i.e. moved to the front of the clause), expanded coordinates CAN NOT be preposed ○ (important) PROPERTY 3: Bare Coordinates MUST be syntactically similar ○ While coordinates don't have to belong to the same categor
More Less

Related notes for LIN204H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.