Lec 10: Subordinate clauses
DO NOT NEED TO KNOW:
- slide 25-33
- exclamation content clauses
- Main clause + subordinate + dependent clause
[If / whether / that ] + clause
○ He asked if I could lend him money.
○ If = subordinator, and everything including and after if = subordinating clause
○ I wonder if they are coming to the party.
○ If = subordinator
○ If they are coming to the party = subordinate clause
○ Sometimes clauses will appear inside of another clause:
Clauses that typically occur within larger clauses are called: SUBORDINATE CLAUSES
- e.g. I know [that she bought a book]
- Main clause = I know
- Subordinate clause = that she bought a book
- Always dependent
- Most of the time Subordinate clauses = D. O.s
○ Another property of subordinate clauses is that they are sometimes (though not always) introduced by:
SUBORDINATORS such as 'that', 'if', and 'whether'
- Focus on - - IF, THAT, WHETHER
○ One property of subordinate clauses is that they can be added RECURSIVELY (over and over in the same way)
○ This is sort of like Russian Matryoshka dolls, which each fit inside a larger doll
○ The following Mother Goose rhyme also illustrates the property of RECURSION:
Lectures Page 1 -
- You can add more and more phrases to the main clause
Types of Subordinate clauses
3 types Content clauses
- relative clauses
comparative clauses (do not need to know this clause)
CONTENT CLAUSES: Default type of subordinate clause, having properties similar to main clauses
○ RELATIVE CLAUSES: Typically modify Nouns and Nominals (see examples)
Comparative clauses (don't need to know..) Used in comparison
- IF vs. WHETHER (can be used in the same structure)
○ e.g. can you lend me some money?
○ She asked if I could lend her some money.
○ She asked whether I could lend her some mo