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Lecture 15

LIN204H1 Lecture 15: LIN204 notes 15 (5 pages)

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Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LIN204H1
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all

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hotpassie: no typhrese lang old 똬ewX8ROugeef tpasseaaelaide hrbr stud regueouailelyhe laternalisedcomplement participle Lry,PecreseAeenadit L。ng Passwe t with hy-phrase fowniz;ar:4y-old w new: old info should come Lefoe ne nfo → adve and t passive are no resi Lexical restrictions inbansities PCs verbs cannot be possiveed allto«Hies * PCs con of be proweted IN eoradeer not all transaweverbs coa be possivized (4nst, hack, have, hold) Passwesofdhransthe clauses was given the key by dhn pune, oi fronts (reecomenon The key was givenhoe byJohn fassure, oa 후rods, d as a PP preposi,onal Passives specified Pref esstions-idioma-c unspecified Pepo ons aGity to Passiurze n lexicom detern.weci . con passivne-f core meaning at nats Ahe choicedPrep 's id,omatically specrRed Passive suligeterdenotes.igraicant Pro ty "This bed has benslept in The bed was sat neu n"informal dyle, 3et replaces le n Bob gel elected Several shels gct c only be used f sub ed is the w digeta of +he shal on of adves ly/beefic ally affected bare passives complemed (complex cahnaiv) mod;fier (depondena AWp)- reduced relative She ordered the books burned The books hamed by piwereala" [The books thed were burned by he adjectival passives Mary's books yee4orn by be-Passive-describes oneverd *retgot "Mary's books iated torn ctival passive-describes a state can be distinguished by reelaena be with another avod of odding a by-phase ExtraPosition ThatAfice.Aikes her eblis obvious-t t] is obvious iol Alice likes her -oh dependent shifted 4oWe dumyH redeces subject Selectedropostion end.. only subordinate cla con be edroposed, so predicat n at lieenge a clausal complement d Some (but not all) gerund-partie,pials lotemaleomplement n complex-transit-ves extraposition is obligatory is finite; may or may nat be obligolory 8 non-Anae Estapositionvs.canonical-stouctAR extroposition is more frequent , canonical es constained took while ertopositon on be new o old "Acat is in the we water.. -Th또 \d in ye water. there" bemanced exh sion LadymeA) dunny there functions as subject s laced sub ect is new o, so usualy nat def te unesin certain coateds u here definite can serve as new info . ct there in non-e«detal clauses sn'4 a don wy Pon, to a loca on a can be definite or indefinite bare existential bare- 0Caudereut There are nnony species of saders- there be asend idgd Caar nah wetedvals< extended canoncal counterpart extended existential vs.location 、presentational see example the beginning of this section types of extensions: tempe al Predicative Presentational elauses similar to existowful, bat Pediate is not ke, lut minton stre verb "There remain many problems: hotpassie : no typhrese lang old 똬 ewX8ROugeef tpasseaaelaide hrbr stud regueouailelyhe laternalisedcomplement participle Lry , PecreseAeenadit L。ng Passwe t with hy - phrase fowniz ; ar : 4y - old w new : old info should come Lefoe ne nfo → adve and t passive are no resi Lexical restrictions inbansities PCs verbs cannot be possiveed allto « Hies * PCs con of be proweted IN eoradeer not all transaweverbs coa be possivized ( 4nst , hack , have , hold ) Passwesofdhransthe clauses was given the key by dhn pune , oi fronts ( reecomenon The key was givenhoe byJohn fassure , oa 후 rods , d as a PP preposi , onal Passives specified Pref esstions - idioma - c unspecified Pepo ons aGity to Passiurze n lexicom detern.weci . con passivne - f core meaning at nats Ahe choicedPrep ' s id , omatically specrRed Passive suligeterdenotes.igraicant Pro ty " This bed has benslept in The bed was sat neu n " informal dyle , 3et replaces le n Bob gel elected Several shels gct c only be used f sub ed is the w digeta of + he shal on of adves ly / beefic ally affected bare passives complemed ( complex cahnaiv ) mod ; fier ( depondena AWp ) - reduced relative She ordered the books burned The books hamed by piwereala " [ The books thed were burned by he adjectival passives Mary 's books yee4orn by be - Passive - describes oneverd * retgot " Mary 's books iated torn ctival passive - describes a state can be distinguished by reelaena be with another avod of odding a by - phase ExtraPosition ThatAfice.Aikes her eblis obvious - t t ] is obvious iol Alice likes her - oh dependent shifted 4oWe dumyH redeces subject Selectedropostion end .. only subordinate cla con be edroposed , so predicat n at lieenge a clausal complement d Some ( but not all ) gerund - partie , pials lotemaleomplement n complex - transit - ves extraposition is obligatory is f
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