LIN200H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Intransitive Verb, Ditransitive Verb, Preposition And Postposition
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Lecture 5 February 11, 2016
Use the rule of grammar to create sentence.
Syntax look for in!nite ways to create sentence.
Same set of words but di$erent order:
The cat chased the rat.
The rat chased the cat.
* Cat the rat the chased.
Noun: refer to “person, place, or thing” (not a good de!nion)
A noun is de!ned as a noun due to the syntacc behavior
Eg. tennis (acvity people do, not person/place/thing); destrucon (not person/place/thing, the
acon of describing thing)
A noun is a word that appears in the posion of a sentence where you expect to !nd a noun or
that are characteriscs of noun.
Eg. The (noun) is interesng. [duck/pancake/nurse/island/wedding/destrucon/tennis]
A (noun) is interesng.
(Noun) is interesng.
(Noun)s are interesng.
Eg. The (noun)s are interesng.
Some distribuonal tests may fail, not all work
Eg. * The Aaron is interesng. (wrong sentence even when we expect we should put a noun in
the sentence while Aaron is a noun)
Eg. (Noun) is interesng. [Aaron/rice/furniture/tennis/destrucon/Canada, all of these words
are noun; rice/furniture/tennis/destrucon !t in the frame with and without “the”, but
Aaron/Canada only !t in the frame without “the”]
The name of a speci!c individual person or place
Eg. Aaron, Canada, Europe, Venus, Serena
Proper nouns don’t occur with “the” or “a”, or with plural
Nouns that refer to thing that we think of of discrete items or individual things that you can
They do occur some of the context with “the” or “a”, or with plural, not all of them
Eg. dog, shoe, chair, idea, potato
They do occur with “the”, they don’t occur with “a” or plural
Eg. milk, sand, rice, water, furniture, knowledge
Words that can occur in the context:
The/a/my/your/every/some duck is interesng.
Syntacc framework: a set of words [the/a/my/your/every/some]
Determine is typically occur before noun, or noun occurs a<er the determiner
Use the rule of grammar to create sentence. Syntax look for infinite ways to create sentence. Noun: refer to person, place, or thing (not a good definition) A noun is defined as a noun due to the syntactic behavior. Eg. tennis (activity people do, not person/place/thing); destruction (not person/place/thing, the action of describing thing) A noun is a word that appears in the position of a sentence where you expect to find a noun or that are characteristics of noun. A (noun) is interesting. (noun) is interesting. (noun)s are interesting. Some distributional tests may fail, not all work. * the aaron is interesting. (wrong sentence even when we expect we should put a noun in the sentence while aaron is a noun) [aaron/rice/furniture/tennis/destruction/canada, all of these words are noun; rice/furniture/tennis/destruction fit in the frame with and without the , but. Aaron/canada only fit in the frame without the ] The name of a specific individual person or place.